The Skin FactsThe skin is the largest organ of our body and yet we often mistreatit. We continue to abuse our skin by ignoring the warnings ofpremature aging and to pursue a love affair with the sun. ...
The Skin Facts The skin is the largest organ of our body and yet we often mistreat it. We continue to abuse our skin by ignoring the warnings of premature aging and to pursue a love affair with the sun. Doing this without realizing that the skin provides us with vital protection and insight on our state of wellbeing.
According to some research from the American Academy of Dermatology and the Skin Cancer Foundation estimated that in 1983 there were 300,000 new cancer cases and by 1995 more than 1,000,000 new cancer cases were also anticipated. Despite all the warnings some alarming statistics shown by the AAD that:
1 out of 5 people alive today will get skin cancer
1 out of 3 people by the 2000 will be diagnosed with skin cancer
A huge number of skin cancer cases alone had been reported for 1998 than all the other cancers combined.
It is believed that skin cancer kills one American an hour. To help prove that, notice that the Melanoma case rates has increased: 1 in 1500 people in the year 1938 1 in 105 people in the year 1991 1 in 84 people in the year1997 (an 1800% from 1930) and 1 in 75 people in the year 2000
There were 40,000 new cases of melanoma reported in 1997, up 5% from 1996. Making Melanoma the most common cancer in women aged 25-29; the second most frequent in women aged 30-34. Annually, 7,000 people will die of melanoma: 2,000 women, 5,000 men. If a melanoma is detected when it is still thin, the survival rate is 90% (up from 80% in 1992 and 50% in 1950).
According to the National Cancer Institute, the incidence of skin cancer is already increasing each year, and melanoma, the most serious form, is increasing by 3 percent Annually. In fact, statistics indicate that 1 out of 7 people in the United States will develop some form of skin cancer during their lifetimes, with the rate increasing as the population ages.
Skin Types and Their Reactions
In 1995, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, the National Weather Service created a standardized system to measure ultraviolet rays. The program is called the UV Index, and was developed to enhance public awareness of the harmful effects of overexposure to the sun and to provide the public with specific actions they can take to reduce the likelihood of these harmful effects, which may include skin cancer, cataracts, and immune system suppression.
People with pale skin, red hair and freckles are at the highest risk for skin cancer. The National Weather Service has chosen UV effects on different types of skin. In that way we can easily tell what type we are and prevent ourselves from getting brunt.
Type I Fair skin, blue or green eyes, little or no freckles. Burns and peels severely.
Type II Fair skin, blue eyes, blond or brown hair. Burns severely and easily peels tans minimally.
Type III Fair skin, brown hair, brown eyes. Burns moderately, tans somewhat.
Type IV Olive or light brown skin, dark brown hair, dark eyes. Burns minimally, tans easily.
Type V Dark brown skin. Rarely burns, tans easily and substantially.
Type VI Black or dark brown skin, brown eyes, black or dark brown hair. Burns only with severe exposure.
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People who are mostly at risk of getting skin cancer will have the following characteristic:
Frequently blisters and gets sunburn after exposure to the sun and had multiple episodes of sunburn during childhood.
Has excessive exposure to the sun, especially during childhood.
Has fair skin.
Has a family history of skin cancer.
Has many (more than 50) ordinary moles: Having many moles increases the risk of developing melanoma.
If people who want to avoid skin cancer than the required steps should be taken into consideration:
Avoid exposure to the midday sun (from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.) whenever possible.
When your shadow is shorter than you are, remember to protect yourself from the sun.
If you are outside, wear long sleeves, long pants, and a hat with a wide brim.
Protect yourself from UV radiation that can penetrate light clothing, windshields, and windows.
Protect them from UV radiation reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice.
Help protect your skin by using a lotion, cream, or gel that contains sunscreen. Many doctors believe sunscreens may help prevent melanoma, especially sunscreens that reflect, absorb, and/or scatter both types of ultraviolet radiation. These sunscreen products will be labeled with "broad-spectrum coverage."
Wear sunglasses that have UV-absorbing lenses. The label should specify that the lenses block at least 99 percent of UVA and UVB radiation. Sunglasses can protect both the eyes and the skin around the eyes.
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