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Dental Terms to Be Familiar With

This article talks about several dental terms that the patient needs to be familiar with. It also explains why there is a need to be familiar with them

Dental terms can get confusing for the uninitiated. This is because dentistry uses some very common terms to depict totally unrelated things. In some case, there are also complicated medical terms that just go over the head of the patient. The importance to being familiar with these terms is to be able to follow the dentist during consultations.
Conditions or Diseases

An abscess is a common enough term that many dentists and doctors use to refer to an infection. The infection can be located in the tooth, a bone or any soft tissue. When there is an abscess it is important to initially treat the infection before doing anything else to the tooth. It is dangerous to actually pull out the infected tooth while it is still infected. The patient is usually given an antibiotic in order to combat the infection. After the infection has gone down, the tooth is assessed by the dental health care professional to see what best to do with it. In many cases, the cavity which may have caused the infection is cleaned and then filled with composite or the rotten tooth may be extracted if it is too damaged or rotten.

Attrition is the term used to depict the natural wear of the teeth causing loss of structure. Having misaligned teeth can cause uncommon but natural wear on certain teeth. Correcting the crooked pearly whites can help immensely in preventing further loss of structure. The usually victims of attrition are the lower anterior teeth but here are also many cases of the molars being worn down due to crookedness.

The pulp is also another dental word that one might encounter during visits to the dentist. It refers to the innermost nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue in the tooth. If the infection (often referred to as pulpitis) reaches this area, pain and discomfort are certain. The pulp is located in a chamber inside the tooth. There is a procedure that extracts the pulp from the tooth which is commonly performed on children. The full removal is called pulpectomy while partial removal is called pulpotomy.
Halitosis is the occurrence of bad breath in an individual. The origins of bad breath can be rooted in improper oral health care or gastrointestinal based. The dentist whose patient suffers from halitosis should initially find out the cause of the halitosis in order to ably recommend the right way to treat it. Gum disease may be the culprit for this or some other condition in the digestive system.

Dental caries or cavities are the damage or holes that are caused by the lack of proper care and hygiene in the oral cavity. These can lead to rotten teeth and the extraction of these. There will also be excessive pain and discomfort when a person has several of these caries or cavities. It is important to prevent these from appearing by properly brushing the oral cavityFeature Articles, flossing and visiting the dentist at least twice a year to have oral health maintenance and to have the teeth checked.

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