How Many Types of Diabetes Exist and What are the Differences?
Most people know about Diabetes 1 or Diabetes 2, but is it also a Diabetes 3 type? This article explains about the all types of diabetes and how to control over these diseases.
Diabetes Type 1
Diabetes Type 1 is known as an autoimmune disease. When the body destroys good things in its body, such as the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, it has what is called an autoimmune disease.
In other words, someone diagnosed with Diabetes Type 1 does not produce insulin. The vast majority of Type 1 Diabetes patients are diagnosed before the age of 40. Therefore, Type 1 Diabetes is also known as Juvenile Diabetes or Childhood Diabetes. Occasionally, Diabetes Type 1 can occur at a later age, although not very common. It is estimated that of all Diabetes patients, about 15 per cent have Type 1 Diabetes.
Diabetes Type 1 is not preventable and patients have to take insulin regularly to stay alive. A person's life style and choices, such a diet and fitness make no difference for developing Type 1 Diabetes. Most people with Type 1 Diabetes are otherwise healthy.
The vast majorities of people who develop Type 1 Diabetes are not overweight, and are otherwise healthy. Type 1 Diabetes cannot be reversed or prevented. Patients with Type 1 Diabetes have lost their beta cells in the pancreas and cannot produce insulin.
Diabetes Type 2
A patient diagnosed with Diabetes Type 2 has either one of the following issues and sometimes both; (a) not enough insulin is being produced or (b) the insulin is not working properly (also known as "Insulin resistance."
Most people who develop Type 2 Diabetes did so because they had been living a non-healthy life style for quite some time. The vast majority of patients with Type 2 Diabetes do so later on in life, although there have been more and more cases of people in their 20s developing Type 2 Diabetes, but it is still rare. It is estimated that 85% of all diabetes patients have Type 2 Diabetes.
What is Insulin Resistance?
The insulin that is produced by the body does not work properly and as a result glucose in not entering the body's cells as it should. As a consequence, the level of blood sugar rise and the cells are not obtaining their required nutrients for growth and energy, and the cells are not responding to insulin as before. The insulin resistance will reach a point in which the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas is not enough to make up for the cells lower response. As a consequence, the patient will have to compensate by taking additional insulin.
Insulin resistance means that the cells do no not respond to the insulin the patient produces, and therefore, the patient needs to additional insulin. Some genetic factors and lack of physical activity and being overweight all add on the likelihood of building up insulin resistance and as a consequence contracting Type 2 Diabetes. Insulin resistance itself promotes weight gain and therefore, a patient may have difficulties shedding the extra weight after contracting Insulin resistance.
Most recently scientists have discovered what they call Diabetes 3 Diabetes
What is Type 3 diabetes and what is the connection to Alzheimer's disease? Diabetes Type 3, which is regarded as "brain specific," is not completely understood. Additional research needs to be conducted, and diagnosis and treatments remain in the early stages. More studies are required in order to fully understand how to help those with Diabetes Type 3 as well as its connection to Alzheimer's and dementia. It is also believed that Diabetes Type 3 increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease by up to 65%.
It is further believed that Diabetes Type 3 affects people who are extra sensitive to electrical devices that emit "dirty" electricity. Diabetes Type 3, actually experience spikes in blood sugar and an increased heart rate when exposed to electrical pollution ("electropollution") from things like computers, televisions, cordless and mobile phones, and even compact fluorescent light bulbs.
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