What are the most common type of VSD?
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is the most common type of congenital cardiac abnormality that affects children. It is also the second most common congenital abnormality in adults, after bicuspid aortic valve defect.
A Ventricular septal defect is a condition in which there is a hole in the septum (wall) that separates the right and left ventricles (lower chambers) of the heart. Normally, the septal wall prevents the blood from two ventricles from mixing. With VSD, the hole in the septum allows the oxygen-rich blood from the left chamber to flow into the right side of the heart. The blood with high oxygen then gets pumped into the lungs, rather than out to the vital organs of the body. This causes the heart and lungs to work harder.
Ventricular septal defects can be classified into different types: membranous, perimembranous, supracristal (infundibular or subpulmonic) and muscular.
Other VSDs and their prevalence -
A Gerbode defect is also a sub type of ventricular septal defect, although this causes a left ventricular to right atrial shunt.
How does the VSD affect a person?
In children, a large opening in the septal wall can cause difficulties in breathing and therefore, many children with VSD are recommended for surgery to close the defect.
The infants with large septal openings may have the following symptoms:
However, large VSDs in adults are not as common, but affected people experience shortness of breath. Mostly, adults have small VSDs that usually do not present symptoms as the heart and lungs are not required to work harder. But even small VSDs can occasionally lead to infection in the heart, known as endocarditis. Under physical examination, a loud heart murmur (whooshing sound) can be detected in cases of small VSDs.
A small VSD opening is likely to close on its own and do not need medical intervention. Medium to large VSDs can lead to serious health problems in children and treatment is required to manage the condition.
Several hospitals in India offer highly effective and successful VSD treatment to children and adults. The country being a medical hub attracts a number of patients from all around the world to avail the country’s high standard medical care facilities. The highly affordable cost of VSD surgery in India brings hope of a better life to many children and their families.
The methods to treat a VSD are following:Medications: The doctor prescribes medicines to manage the symptoms and not actually close the opening. These include medications to:
Lower the amount of fluid in the lungs and in circulation: Medications, called diuretics, such as furosemide (Lasix) are given to reduce the volume of blood that is to be pumped.
Maintain regular heartbeat: Medications such as beta blockers, including metoprolol (Lopressor), propranolol (Inderal LA) , and digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxin Pediatric) are used for this.
Surgical treatment for VSD treatment:
This involves plugging or patching the opening in the septum between the ventricles. Specialists including cardiologists, cardio-vascular surgeons and other perform the procedure. Depending on the size of VSD, symptoms presented and overall health, the options for surgical treatment of VSD include cardiac catheterization or open-heart surgery.
Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Hi i am sachin saini a health blogger i love to write about Living healthy lifestyle .