Basic Landscape Design Principles
Creating an outdoor paradise is fun and rewarding when you follow basic principles of landscape design. A plain old yard can be transformed into a work of art.
Unity is achieved through the consistency and repetition of certain elements throughout your garden. For example, repeated plants, groups of plants, or various types of decorative elements lend a sense of unity to the landscape design. Plants that are roughly the same height, texture or contain the same colors could be considered a repetitive element. Using statues or other decorative elements pulls the garden together in a united theme. For instance, if you love frogs, you may decide to place a small pond with a waterfall somewhere on your property. In this pond you may wish to grow lily pads while incorporating frog statues on the surrounding foliage.
As a beginner, the art of simplicity is one of the best elements to learn! Begin with simple plans, perhaps just a few colored plants with little decor. You'll be able to add more as you learn.
Another important element to landscape design is balance. Balance actually comes in two very different forms. Symmetrical balance creates a garden that could easily be divided down the middle and form a mirror image. Each side shares similar sizes, shapes and colors in a similar pattern. In contrast, asymmetrical balance tends to create a garden with similar textures, colors, and plants but not in an easily divided pattern.
Color is an element that adds dimension and interest to your garden. Interestingly enough, certain colors like bright reds, yellows or oranges can actually make an object appear closer while cool colors, which include greens, blues and various pastels, will make the object seem further away. So by simply using color, you can add depth to your space.
Avoiding abrupt changes, whether in color, size or any other element, is known as natural transition. A natural landscape design should include gradual transitions between various elements. For instance, a gradual height difference would be a better choice as opposed to large plants towering over small plants in the same small area.
Natural transition leads to our final important element of proportion. A large tree or statue will not work in a small garden, just as a single small plant or decorative piece would look out of place in a large garden. If you have a large yard, but prefer small plants, you can divide your garden area into smaller sections that are connected by different themes.
Taking the time to plan a detailed landscape design is the beginning of a fun outdoor experience that your whole family can enjoy! By applying some basic principles, you can enjoy your outdoor paradise every single day.
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