Touring the wonderful Sarnath Museum in Varanasi
Varanasi is one of famous pilgrimage spots in India which attracts thousands of pilgrims from all over the country and globe each year.
Apart from its magnetic ghats and the spiritual vibe, there are several other spots in the city which is best to understand the culture and glorious past of it. The Sarnath Museum in Varanasi is one such place which is also considered to be the oldest museum in India being established in 1905. Check for flight and train status to reach the city. Don’t forget to check for train 11071 running status, which runs regularly through the route.
The Sarnath Museum in Varanasi is considered to amongst the earliest museums to be established in the country. In the year 1905, the Director-General of Archaeology in India, John Marshall, began the building of the Sarnath Museum on the outskirts of Varanasi city to conserve the artefacts discovered during excavation jobs that happened in the northern part of the country. Now, it houses sculptures and more than 6832 artefacts, including some which even dates back to the Buddhist era.
The museum is situated only 10 kilometres away from the Varanasi City. And, that’s why you can easily visit the Sarnath Museum if you are en route Varanasi. With its status as the city of pilgrims and temples, Benaras or Varanasi is well linked to the other parts of the country, along with being connected to the other cities in Uttar Pradesh. You can easily find different types of transportation including air, railway or the roadways to reach Varanasi. Don’t forget to check for train 11071 running status, which runs regularly through the route. Once you reach the main city, it's not that difficult to reach the Sarnath Museum. Additionally, Sarnath is also one of the major train junctions before Varanasi, so you can also deboard here. From the station one can use various services like cabs, buses and local auto services to reach the Sarnath Museum.
The intentions of Sir John Marshall was to preserve and display the antique artefacts and sculptures which were found during the excavation projects at Sarnath. Mr James Ransome, who was a consulting architect working under the central government, planned all the architectural procedures. And, it was finally in 1910, that the building of the Sarnath Museum was completed. The layout of the museum consists of two large verandahs and five sections displaying the unmeasurable antique artefacts and other sculptures. Technically, you’ll find all sort of items in here, which were excavated from Sarnath dating from the third century BC to 12th century AD.
The museum houses rich collections of sculptures, edifices and artefacts which have pictures of Lord Buddha on them. There are numerous Bodhisattva and the other historical relics as well to take a look at. The highlight of the museum is the Lion Capital of Ashoka, although there are many wonderful displays including the exquisite sculpture of Buddha from the 5th century. In this sculpture, Gautam Buddha is shown sitting cross-legged, eyes downcast in deep meditation and an aura around the head. Additionally, there are many wonderful Bodhisattvas which are exhibited in the museum, including a life-sized standing one.
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