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Dr.Irfan Ahmad

Premium Author Dr.Irfan Ahmad


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Dr.Irfan Ahmad is the Chief Editor of and CEO Tender Service Pakistan.He has twenty years of experience in providing information of tenders in Pakistan. He has written two books on tendering by the name of "Managing Tender Business" and "Combating Procurement Frauds"


“It takes twenty years of hard work to become an overnight success”. Well I think that true. I was a tall lean lad with a broken front tooth in my youth. No body cared about me .I used to wondered in ...
Its is clear from the above mentioned fraud plans that it is either a corrupt procurement personal or contractors or both who gets the cream, and the poor public sector is burdened with high priced ...
Overcharging in cost type tender contracts refers to schemes by contractors to defraud the government by charging additional amount on cost-type contracts.
Tendering fraud can be defined as dishonestly obtaining an advantage, avoiding and obligation or causing a loss to public property or various means during procurement process by public servants, con...
There is no single reason behind tendering fraud. Any explanation of it need to take account of various factors. However three most important factors which leads to fraud
In simple words, motivation is based on either greed or need. Many people are faced with the opportunity to commit fraud, and only a minority of the greedy and needy do so.
Male commit nearly three-quarters of the offences. Median losses caused men are nearly four times those caused by women.
The nature of the working conditions and the personal characteristics of the employee are other relevant factors. An analysis of system and consequent changes and do much to remove some of the opportu...
Departmental culture is a factor, which both contributes to the opportunity for corrupt action and aids in the continuation of such action. Aspects of departmental culture conducive to fraud include: 
Officers are not given sufficient detail to identify anomalies, e.g. rapid growth in expenditure, against a particular budget head.Officers are given too much information; this can mask significant ch...
Non existence of training, so staff are not aware of where their jobs fit in the broader picture, and they are not aware of possible areas where fraud might occur. Staff not trained in the use of rel...
To start tender business or if you want to expand your business or want to expand your existing tendering setup, it is very important to research and identify some specific departments and ensure to...
To enter into a tender business can be exciting as well as challenging. If you familiarize yourself with the tendering procedures and do your homework before participating in tenders you will feel m...
Submissions if Successful should be followed up with a contract. A standard Contract should be signed by a responsible person in the client company and the director, or approved officer. The contract ...
Any tender briefing sessions arranged for the tender should be attended, and forward any questions you have to the tender contract, in writing, before the session. This is usually the best opportunit...

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