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The Method to Diagnose Carburetor Problems

Carburetors are relatively simple devices. Their primary function is to deliver the correct amount of fuel/air mixture at a given throttle opening (as selected by the rider). However, as with all mechanical devices, carburetors will wear over time and will also require periodic tuning and service.

Before attempting to fix a carburetor problem, it is very important to come up with the correct diagnosis.

Carburetors are relatively simple devices. Their primary function is to deliver the correct amount of fuel/air mixture at a given throttle opening (as selected by the rider). However, as with all mechanical devices, carburetors will wear over time and will also require periodic tuning and service.

Carburetor problems generally fall into three areas: rich mixture, lean mixture, and incorrect adjustment. Diagnosing carburetor problems is relatively easy and follows some telltale symptoms.

 

Three Carburetor Problems

1) Rich Mixture means the carburetor is delivering too much gasoline. Typical symptoms of a rich mixture are:

Poor fuel economy

Sluggish acceleration

Choke not needed from cold starts

Sooty or black spark plugs

Sooty or black muffler end pipes

Strong smell of gasoline when machine is at idle

Uneven running (will often slow from regular idle rpm's and stop)

 

2) Lean Mixtures means the carburetor is delivering too much air. Typical symptoms of a lean mixture are:

Backfires as the throttle is closed (primarily during coast-downs)

Lurching acceleration

White or light grey spark plugs

Requires excessive amounts of choke to run/start

White or light grey muffler end pipes

Bluing (on chrome systems) of the exhaust header down-pipes

 

3) Incorrect Adjustment applies to carburetors that have incorrect adjustment of the air/fuel screw and the balance between two or more carburetors - where fitted. Incorrect adjustment can produce any of the previously noted symptoms. On multi-cylindermachines, with separate carburetors for each cylinder, the following symptoms are typical of an adjustment problem:

Poor overall performance

Rattling sounds from the clutch

Engine tends to stall easily

Erratic acceleration

Poor fuel economy

Misfires and/or backfires

Correcting Carburetor Problems

 

Lean Mixtures: This condition is generally caused by the owner fitting after-market accessories such as exhaust systems, air filter systems or replacement carburetors of a different type or size. In addition, if the fuel level in the float chamber is set too low, insufficient fuel will be drawn through the main jet. Some carburetors have a slow speed fuel adjusting screw that regulates the fuel/air mixture in the lower rpm range.

 

The carburetor shown in the accompanying photograph has a low speed air adjusting screw. Turning this screw clockwise will reduce the amount of air entering the carburetor, and will therefore richen the mixture (refer to a shop manual for correct settings).

 

If no changes have been made to the bike, and it previously ran well, a lean mixture can be traced to a leaking inlet manifold or leaking exhaust (often at the interface of header pipe and cylinder head).

 

Rich Mixtures: This condition is primarily caused by dirty air filters, but it could also result from the owner fitting replacement exhausts and/or carburetor systems. If the fuel level is set too high in the float chamber, a rich mixture will result.

 

Incorrect Carburetor Adjustment: This situation is mostly caused by poor maintenance. With the inherent vibration of all engines, carburetor parts (primarily adjusting screws) tend to rotateFree Web Content, and therefore change their positions. Low-speed running jets and multi-cylinder balancing screws are the items most prone to self-adjust during normal operation and often require periodic corrections.

 

Find out more about Suzuki 370Q carburetor by visit miparts.com.

 


Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

ABOUT THE AUTHOR


Olivia Tong is the freelance writer for e-commerce website tahiko.com and miparts.com offers the buyers around the world to find quality and discount auto parts. We try our best to aggregate leads in the business world, and let these leads benefit the entire business person.

 



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