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Power Steering Cylinder – the mechanism of a Power Steering System

Everybody likes taking smart moves on their cars but at the same time it’s important to know which part of your car is responsible for the steering system of your car. I am mentioning here the role of power steering cylinder. The power steering system of your car can be defined as a hydraulic pump, driven by the motor, applies pressurized hydraulic fluid to the either side of the steering mechanism. The pressurized hydraulic fluid applied on the steering mechanism helps to steer the car and reduces steering efforts. The power steering system is not a drive-by-wire system but a power assisted steering.


Generally there are majorly two systems in a power steering mechanism – the power steering cylinder and the steering gear. In most of the cars, cylinder is fixed to the front of the engine and driven by the accessory drive chain. One thing to consider is that the size of the cylinder should be enough to create adequate fluid pressure at idle. The speed of pump exceeds as engine speed increases, a pressure relief valve is employed to put the pressures at the normal levels.

The most vital part of this system is the steering gear. The two most common type of gears used are – rack and pinion and recirculating ball type. Out of these, rack and pinion is widely used in modern cars.

In a power assisted system, hydraulic fluid from the power steering cylinder enters the steering gear and comes back at low pressure side. An installed valve system into the gear box directs fluid out which reenters at a later point. This pressurized fluid acts on the power piston to help steering move. Now, it becomes easy. In case you turn right, the additional fluid is moved to the right side of the pistonScience Articles, which helps move the rack and therefore steer the tires.


Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

ABOUT THE AUTHOR


Lodematic is one of the leading hydraulic cylinder manufacturers that offer customized designs of Power Steering Cylinder, Cylinders in UK. For more Information Click here



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