In finance, investment strategies are the set of rules, procedures and behaviors designed for investors to select their investment portfolio. A well planned investment strategy is crucial before making any investment choice. Generally, business strategies are made for long survival of the firm. Business strategy base largely depends on factors such as risks in the investment and long term goals.
Different Kinds of Investment Strategies:
Discussed below are the different kinds of investment strategies:
Passive Investment Strategy:
This strategy is also termed as passive management, where a finance manager makes a few portfolio choices to minimize transactional cost of a firm. Passive investment strategy is more common on the share market industry, but is also becoming more popular in other investment kinds such as bonds, hedge funds and commodities. Today, multitudes of market indexes exist in the world and hundreds of varied index funds are tracking them. The Vanguard 500 is one of the best and largest mutual fund organizations that have adopted this strategy. The other two popular companies that adopted this strategy are State Street, and Barclay's Global Investors.
Active Investment Strategy:
This strategy helps to maximize the return on investment. It involves making decisions on purchase or sale of stocks by foreseeing future market price for those stocks. Usually, the prediction of stock market is based on a viewpoint of economic or market condition that results from fundamental or technical analysis. Thus, this investment strategy is totally based on an outlook of an aggregate market rather than a specific stock.
Buy & Hold:
This is a long term investment strategy based on the business concept that, the long term financial market offers an excellent rate of return on investment, despite the period of decline or volatility. In addition, this outlook holds the concept of market timing that involves buying at low price and selling at high price. The retail and smaller investors more typically make use of this strategy in real estate investment, where an asset holding period is normally the lifespan of that mortgage.
The best and profitable investment strategy is the mutual fund investment. Mutual fund is a pool of wealth supplied by varied investors and consecutively used by mutual fund firm to invest in different assets including stocks, shares and bonds. However, a thorough research has to be conducted to select a mutual fund firm and only those firms have to be considered that have certified investment manager. This ensures the mutual funds transfer towards an ideal investment.
This strategy also applies for stock market investment, where investment decisions need to taken through a detailed research on the current and past trends of the stock market price and NAV (Net Asset Value). Evaluation from stock market professionals about the future prediction can also be considered otherwise profit from capital gain distribution, dividends, and capital appreciation may not be earned.
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