Complete Information on Erythema multiforme with Treatment and Prevention
The early lesion of Erythema multiforme is characterized by infiltration of lymphocytes at the dermal-epidermal interface with accompanying exocytosis and spongiosis in the epidermis.
Erythema multiforme (EM) is an intense, self-limiting, incendiary rind outbreak. It is a character of hypersensitive response that occurs in reaction to medications, infections, or sickness. The precise reason is unidentified. The disorder is believed to involve damage to the blood vessels of the skin with subsequent damage to skin tissues. The disorder occurs primarily in children and young adults. The main cause of erythema multiforme minor is the herpes virus, either as a cold sore, genital herpes or as a hidden infection. Other cases are due to other bacterial or viral infections or reactions to medications. Some people have recurrent episodes of erythema multiforme, usually due to cold sores or herpes infection. Prevention of erythema multiforme is only possible when the cause is known. If it is caused by a medication, the medication may need to be stopped.
Erythema multiforme may have apparent with a neoclassical rind lesion, with or without systemic symptoms. The dermal changes include edematous papillary dermis, ectatic and bloated endothelial cells of the vessels, and extravasation of the crimson blood cells. Males are somewhat more stricken than females and there is no racist penchant. One third of erythema multiforme sufferers will get a recurrence of the disease. Seasonal epidemics are popular. Some of the rind patches seem like an objective, i. e. three rings of crimson, light-colored and pink. Often the center of the piece forms a fluid-filled blister that crusts over within a few days. Often, the rash is accompanied by sores and blisters on the lips.
The growth and clearing of the rind lesions happen in roughly one week, but the rash may remain to seem in sure areas of the system, for as lengthy as two or three weeks. Prevention of those factors that precipitate cold sores can be useful. For example, sunscreen use is beneficial because sun exposure may activate the herpes simplex virus that causes erythema multiforme. Most people recover without a problem and can return to normal activities. However, the person is at higher risk for erythema multiforme in the future. Significant ocular scaring and synechiae formation occurs in half of affected patients from bullous lesions of the conjunctiva, often with loss of eye lashes and perhaps with fusion of the bulbar and lid conjunctivae. The erythema which may be the only manifestation of skin involvement is less pronounced when it occurs in the mouth and often it is not present at all.
The patient with erythema multiforme may be gently unwell, but recovers in a few days or up to three weeks. The diagnosis is primarily based on the show of the rind lesion and its normal symmetrical distribution, especially if there is a history of risk factors or associated diseases. Treatment of Erythema multiforme begins with identification and removal of the trigger factor, however that is not always possible. Skin grafting may be helpful in cases in which large areas of the body are affected. In cases that are caused by the herpes virus, daily antiviral medications may be prescribed to prevent recurrences of erythema multiforme. An older treatment, oral steroids also is still useful in some cases. It should not be used because when given to with patients with severe mouth and throat sores, it causes them to succumb more readily to fatal respiratory infections.
Article Tags: Erythema Multiforme
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Juliet Cohen writes articles for http://www.healthatoz.info/, http://www.health-disease.org/ and http://www.health-care-articles.info/ .