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Laser Skin Resurfacing Review

Are you confused by all the different options you hear about making your skin look younger? Laser Skin Resurfacing is the most effective non surgical approach to achieve drastic results. Few laser technologies and techniques belong to this category. This paper will help you understand the different Laser Resurfacing options and determine what option fits you best.

Skin Resurfacing - Introduction    First of all you must know that every new resurfacing laser or device is measured against the industry’s most powerful machine for the past 40 years, the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser. It was invented in 1964 and has been the most widely used laser in medicine. In the area of dermatology, its use has been predominantly for facial resurfacing. It often achieves desired results in a single treatment, works on fine and intermediate lines and acne scars, maximally tightens the skin and delivers results that last. Its drawback is a long, 5-14 day social downtime, making it less desirable for any working person. To overcome this handicap, many devices have been developed by the aesthetic industry. There are ablative and non-ablative strategies that rejuvenate your skin and you will learn about the benefits and downsides of each of these techniques.Fractionated Ablative lasersCarbon dioxide laser - CO2 LaserAs an ablative laser, it vaporizes the tissue and is able to eradicate fine and intermediate lines, smoothes overall skin texture and acne scars, eradicates uneven pigmentation as well as tightens the skin. It lets you appear about 10 years younger and easily replaces the need for a face lift unless skin sagging is severe. Preparation and postoperative care most closely resembles a full fletched surgical procedure, however, CO2 laser resurfacing can be performed under local anesthesia. The price you pay for the results is one to two weeks of social downtime while the skin reepithelializes. In addition, the resurfaced skin may appear pinkish for several months thereafter.Fractional CO2 laser (ActiveFX(TM), DeepFX(TM), Fraxel re;pair, Mosaic eCO2)Since the beginning of 2007, refined systems with partial degrees of ablation have revolutionized the resurfacing market. Amongst these, the combination of DeepFx and ActiveFx, manufactured by the leader in CO2 technology (Lumenis) give results most closely comparing to the traditional laser resurfacing. This new technology offers faster healing times with still excellent results. In the meantime, a number of laser companies have now developed their own permutations of a fractionated CO2 laser and include Fraxel re:Pair, Slim MIxto/SX, Exelo 2, Mosaic.Erbium YAG lasersThe traditional erbium laser has produced results that were absolutely comparable to the CO2 laser yet it fell out of favor because of significant post operative bleeding. As with the fractional method developed for the CO2 laser, today’s erbium laser treatments are almost exclusively fractionated and may also be called pixilated. Names that you may read about are Pearl, Pixel, ProFractional and Starlux 2940. However, they do not deliver results that mirror the original. While downtime is typically limited to 1-4 days, the downfall of the fractionated erbium technology is the very superficial nature of the resurfacing results, being excellent at improving sun damage, and skin texture, but will target only the finest lines. Several treatments are necessary to achieve such results. These fractionated lasers do not significantly contribute to skin tightening, removal of wrinkles, let alone acne scars.Non ablative fractional lasersProtecting the epidermis, the upper most layer of our skin, and thereby minimizing social downtime, non-ablative lasers deliver energy in the lower layers of skin, ideally only causing swelling which is socially much more tolerable than oozing. Amongst the non-ablative lasers, FRAXEL is the most marketed. Other brands include Affirm, StarLux-Lux, Mosaic. Using a wave length lower than that of a CO2 laser, these lasers drive energy into the skin, stimulating collagen production and thereby tightening skin. Results after a single treatment are minimal and it can easily take 4-8 treatments to observe an effect. While its effects on wrinkles and lines after 4-8 treatments is fairly close to the results of a single CO2 laser treatment, it does not seem to deliver on scars as well. In addition, the Fraxel has been FDA approved for the treatment of melasma, also known as the mask of pregnancy, which shows as symmetric pigmentation on the face as a result of sun exposure with increased estrogen levels.Non-laser fractionated resurfacing devicesPlasma and radiofrequency devices belong to this category. Because of the more convincing results, plasma technology will be discussed here. The plasma device is not based on laser principle. Plasma is pushed into the skin to induce partial ablation of the epidermis and renewal of collagen beneath the surface of the skin. Treatments can be delivered in 1-2 aggressive sessions, results mimicking nearly those of fractionated CO2 laser resurfacing. When energy levels are minimized to allow for as a little as a few-hour lasting redness, several treatments will be needed for an effect. With the latter technique however, results tend to be much less dramatic. Having gained FDA approval in the second half of 2007, the technology is fairly new and long term results are not known yet. Skin Resurfacing - SummaryIn sum, many exciting technologies are available nowadays. The general rule of little downtime little results still applies but ultimately, your goalsFeature Articles, your ability to tolerate social downtime and your wallet will steer you and your treating physician to a resurfacing plan that is tailored to you. Results CO2 Laser                  **** ActiveFX                      *** Fractional Lasers        ** TCA Peel                     ** Glycolic Peel                * Microdermabrasion     * Social downtime CO2 Laser                  5-14 days          ActiveFX                      3-5 days     Fractional Lasers        1-6 days    TCA Peel                     5-7 days Glycolic Peel                None Microdermabrasion      None # Treatments CO2 Laser                 1          ActiveFX                     1-2     Fractional Lasers       4-8    TCA Peel                    1 Glycolic Peel               6-8 Microdermabrasion    6-8 Lasting results CO2 Laser                10 years      ActiveFX                    10 years Fractional Lasers      Unknown TCA Peel                   2 years Glycolic Peel              1 year Microdermabrasion   1 year Average Cost CO2 Laser               $3000     ActiveFX                   $3700 Fractional Lasers     $5000 TCA Peel                  $500 Glycolic Peel             $700 Microdermabrasion  $1000

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR


Dr. Franziska Ringpfeil is the medical director of Ringpfeil Advanced Dermatology. Ringpfeil Advanced Dermatology provides premium general dermatology, cosmetic dermatology, dermatological surgery, and laser surgery to the Philadelphia, Main Line, and the Delaware Valley area.



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