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Medical Complication of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cancer in Adult

Acute Myeloid Leukemia is actually a cancers with the human body's blood-forming cells, like bone marrow as well as the lymphatic system. Various types of leukemia occur in human body. Several kinds of leukemia to be more common in Adult. 


As we hear the term cancer, the scare in our body is self explanatory. If you are talking about acute myeloid leukemia, which is generally referred as AML in medical circles, it is nothing but one of the forms blood cancer. AML generally get developed from the cells, which would turn into white blood cells other than the lymphocytes. At times, it can even develop the other kind of blood forming cells, which is one of the common medical complications of this ailment.  Now, let’s us dig in deep into this menace called Acute myeloid leukemia cancer among the adults along with understanding its medical complications as well in the following paragraphs:

What is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

To answer this question, it is nothing but a form of blood cancer, which starts with bone marrow, which is a soft portion inside the bones. With acute kind of luekemia like AML, the bone marrow cells do not just mature the way these are supposed to do. These are immature cells generally known as the blast cells that keep on building up.

Symptoms of Acute Myeloid Leukemia among adults

There are several early signs of Acute Myeloid Leukemia among adults, which may appear too common to even notice, however, these indicate towards this menace. The following are the symptoms, let’s check them out:

  • Fever
  • Breath shortness
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Peteciae
  • Weakness or get a tired feeling all the time
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss

Acute myeloid Leukemia Cancer in Adult

There are several medical complications when it comes to menace like Acute myeloid leukemia cancer in Adults. It starts with infection with CLL. Then you may face issues like anaemia, which means the body loses the red cells. Thirdly, you may face the issue of Richter transformation wherein around 5% of the people with the disease called CLL will get this disease transformed into extreme form of lymphoma due to the number of changes taking place in the CLL cells. Then you have other complications including Prolymphocytes, bleeding, Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, infertility and second cancer.

Treatment Options for Acute myeloid leukemia Cancer in Adult

There are several kinds of treatment option for AML. These are generally divided into two phases, which include adopting the four types of standard treatment like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem cell transplant and other drug therapy along with targeted therapy. Let’s check them out as under:

  • Chemotherapy: This treatment option is carried out using certain drugs that help in stopping the growth of cancer cells either by stopping them into grouping or by killing the cells. The drugs are injected using this treatment option directly in the blood stream, which does the needful. For adults suffering with AML is seen getting treated with Intrathecal chemotherapy apart from combining the chemo process with other options.
  • Radiation Therapy: This method employs high energy X rays in order to kill the cells inside your body. These are carried out in two different ways – externally over the patient’s body and internally with a needle or wires going inside the affected area of cancer. This will depend upon the stage of the cancer and its type.
  • Stem Cell Transplant: In this procedure, the patient is giving chemotherapy followed by replacing the abnormal blood forming cells. The stem cells of the patient are replaced by the donated ones after the chemotherapy.
  • Other Drug Therapy: This treatment uses anticancer drugs in order to kill the menace called the leukemia cells among the adults along with stopping them with the help of grouping these cells inside the white blood cells.
  • Targeted Therapy: It is a kind of treatmentScience Articles, which employs drugs and several other substances in order to find out and attack certain cancer cells without hampering the normal cells.


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Suhas Jain is A medical consultant associated with India's top medical tourism facilitator "Indian Medguru Consultants". A leading Medical Tourism facilitator, offering end-to-end solutions to patients who want to travel to within India for medical care and treatment.

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