Pepper planting and introduction
Pepper, also known as capsicum, hot pepper, spicy, angle pepper, Qin pepper, is a Solanaceae Capsicum plants. Capsicum is belonging to annual or perennial herb. Usually a conical or oblong fruit, when immature is green, after mature turn into bright red, yellow or purple, red is the most common.†
Capsaicin manufacturer found that the pepper fruit peel contains capsaicin so that make it has spicy taste, can increase appetite. Pepperís vitamin C content is ranked in the first place in vegetables.
Pepperís root system is not developed, mainly show that the main root diameter, root less, root growing slow, until the 2-3 true leaves have more secondary lateral roots. Root mass is mainly distributed in the plant around 45 cm, a depth of 10 to 15 cm of soil. Open field cultivation, plant height is 40 to 60 cm. The pepper flowers is bisexual flowers hermaphroditic, self-pollination, natural hybridization rate is around 10%, is an outcrossing plants. The fruit is a berry, conical, but the plants malnutrition, the night temperature is low, the sunshine weak, dry soil or planted too close, the big fruit will be restrained, form small fruit, even if normal fruit. Soil drought, too much fertilizer, plants absorb moisture is inhibited, the fruit also becomes shorter. Pepper seed was flat, micro fold, kidney-shaped, pale yellow or milky white. The seed longevity is general 5 to 7 years, but the useful life is only 2 to 3 years.
Chiliís early birth is germination period, destroy buds generally around 5 to 8 days after sowing, about 15 days appear the first true leaf, buds reveal is the seedling stage. First spica to the main door peppers is the flowering stage. The fruit set to lift seedlings is the fruiting period. Chili optimum temperature is between 15 to 34 degrees. Seed germination suitable temperature is 25 to 30 degrees, 5 to 7 days required for germination, less than 15 degrees or greater than 35 degrees the seeds do not germinate. Seedling stage requires higher temperatures, preferably 25 to 30 degrees during the day, about 15 to 18 degrees during the night, seedling intolerance cold, pay attention to cold production. Pepper in 35 degrees will cause flowers and fruits drop. Pepper demanding conditions of moisture, it is neither the drought tolerant nor waterlogging tolerance. It is suitable to plant in dry air conditions. Chili will wilt death for flooded several hours, so the land selection should be smooth, water or drainage conditions must be convenient. Pepper in neutral and slightly acidic soil can be grown, but its roots are requiring oxygen strictly, should be planted in deep fertile soil, rich in organic matter and good sandy soil permeability or gender soil planting. Pepper fertility requires sufficient nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but in seedling stage nitrogen and potassium should not be too much, so as not to make the branches excessive growing, delay flower bud differentiation and results. Phosphorus has an important role in the formation and development of the flower, potassium is the essential element for fruit enlargement, in the production must be done nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium interworking, on the basis of co-enough base fertilizer, do a good fertilization to improve the yield and quality.
Pepper can do the main course, also can be used to do side dishes or soup can also be used as pharmaceutical raw materials. Summer should often use chili as side dishes, and select a lower dry, remove fever food as the main course, such as: duck, shrimp, carp, lean meat, bitter herbs, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, cucumber, lily, toon, kohlrabi and so on.
Pepper is not only delicious, but also can prevent food spoilage and extend the function of the storage time. The experiment proved that the pepper extract that can inhibit the growth of some microbial pathogenicity. But these are clearly not the reason why chili evolved spicy. Pepper contains a divergent heat substance, capsaicin. The capsaicin can influence the taste buds, nerve cells and nasal mucosa. Therefore, it form the spicy we usually feel.
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