Physiotherapy and Pain Treatment
Pain Relief is one of the major objective of Physiotherapy. This article explain how physiotherapy helps in pain treatment by physiotherapy and the physical modalities that can be used for pain treatment.
“For all the happiness, Mankind can gain.
Its not in pleasure, But in relief from pain.”
Pain Relief is one of the major objective of Physiotherapy. And, it is a great objective as most of the population who seeks medical advice, do so after having pain of some kind or other.Physiotherapy is not an exception either.PAIN
The word ‘pain‘ is derived from the latin poena, meaning punishment. The International Association for the study of Pain (IASP) defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage.”
This definition clearly shows that pain has an emotional aspect associated with it. The defition also focusses on the protective role of pain as it may occur even in the presence of potential tissue damage, thus, act as a signal that the part of the body or whole body is in some form of distress.Etiological Classification of Pain
There are two categories broadly in which pain can occur:
This pain is the result of some kind of trauma. This may include:
The pain is due to some kind of underlying disease process.
Pathological process can further divided into:
There are some factors that can act as markers while giving the therapy, so that clients own views can be considered about physiotherapy treatment outcomes. This is specially important in the patient centered – model of treatment.These markers are:
The simplest and the most reliable scale for pain measurement before and after physiotherapytreatment is Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). It require that the patient will rate his pain on the scale with markings from 0-10.
No distress 0| | | | | | | | | | |10 Unbearable distressPhilosophy for Pain Treatment
The role of physiotherapy in pain treatment spans the settings of inpatient, outpatient and home treatment. The approach to patient care must be interdisciplinary, and must include other medical professionals and allied health care professionals and allied health care professionals. Presently, patient- centered model is followed and the patient’s satisfaction is the foremost thing. But the equal importance must be given to restore function, patient’s education and prevent recurrent injuries.Modalities for Pain Treatment
Physical modalities used by Physiotherapist for treatment of pain:Stretch
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