Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer
Radiation therapy, also known as radiotherapy, is among most effective techniques to destroy cancer cells in the breast. The technique has capability to reduce the recurrence of breast cancer by 70 pe...
The technique is preferred over surgical procedure as it guarantees that all cancer cells are removed from the body. High-energy beam such as light and x-rays are targeted at the cancer cells to damage them. The high-energy beams, which are invisible to the human eye, damage cancer cell’s DNA so that it does not divide any further. The radiations directed at cancer cells may also damage few normal cells in the path, making body vulnerable to complications.
Cancer cells in breast cancer grow and multiply at a rapid pace. This progression is slowed or stopped by the effect of radiations. As cancer cells get distorted everywhere and healthy cells are less organised, it becomes difficult to repair the damage done by radiation. But, the cancer cells are more easily destroyed by radiation therapy, while normal cells are better able to repair themselves and survive the treatment.
Ways to deliver Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy can be delivered in two ways to treat the affected tissues. First way is by assistance of a machine called linear accelerator that delivers radiation from outside the body. Using pellets or seeds that give off radiations from within the body is another way to deliver radiation therapy. These ways can treat affected tissues of the breast area and lymph nodes.
Types of Radiation
1. External Radiation: The most common radiation type, external radiation is ideally given after lumpectomy and mastectomy.
2. Internal Radiation: The treatment is usually done after lumpectomy.
3. Intraoperative Radiation: Newly discovered radiation treats known as intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT). IORT is generally done after the cancer has been removed or during lumpectomy.
Side Effects of Radiation Therapy
The foremost side effect of radiation therapy is to the skin area which has been treated. The skin reaction looks similar to sunburn, but has more redness. The sunburn is accompanied by itching, soreness, burning and possible peeling. There is no escape as the radiations have tendency to influence skin and cause reaction.
Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Rinki rawat in these articles give the knowledge about breast cancer and Also get more information to visit care website.