The spicy characteristics of pepper
Pepper contains a substance called " capsaicin ", this is a kind of natural, green alkaloids. Different types of chili, the capsaicin content is not the same. Researches by capsaicin manufacturer found that sweet pepper does not contain capsaicin, and some pepper such as Mexico pepper capsaicin content is 5000 units, theHavana pepper capsaicin content is 300000 units, and the new Indian bhut jolokia capsaicin content is more than 1000000 unit.
Capsaicin in hot peppers has 5 main components: capsaicin, two hydrogen capsaicin, down two hydrogen capsaicin, high capsaicin and high hydrogen capsaicin, wherein the capsaicin, two hydrogen capsaicin accounted for about 90% of total capsaicinoids, is the main component of pungency degree.
Pepper give the main feeling to human is " spicy ". what is the pepper’s characteristic? Stimulus characteristics. Pepper contains capsaicin and biochemical composition, has a strong irritating, can stimulate the skin and tongue feeling pain and hot region, so that the brain generate searing pain pungent sensation, i.e. when the hot peppery taste stimulate the tongue and buccal nerve endings, the brain will immediately in a general state of alert, such as heartbeat is accelerated, saliva or sweat secretion, gastrointestinal peristalsis accelerates, and the simultaneous release of endorphins. When the food is spicy, endorphins continuously release, will make people excited and have a spicy after " pleasure ". If repeated, taste cells on hot sensitivity increased significantly, spicy will become a kind of dietary habit slowly.
Medicinal properties. The spicy contains of pepper is mainly composed of capsaicin, drop two hydrogen capsaicinoids, high capsaicin, homodihydrocapsaicin, azelaic acid vanillyl amide, capric acid vanillyl amide, and pigment, lutein cryptoxanthine, red pepper, trace capsorubin, citric acid, malic acid are with important medicinal value.
Chinese medicine thought that pepper is spicy, hot, can warm the stomach, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain. Modern medical research shows that capsaicin has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipruritic effects, have been widely used for pharmaceutical raw materials. Many countries in the early ninety century have capsaicin compound capsule, both single and compound ointment preparation production. Currently used for analgesia of capsaicin and ointment has been included in the Pharmacopoeia in United States, Japan, Germany, Canada and other countries. Scientists found that red pepper contains large amounts of antioxidants, which can prevent free radical damage to the skin, and the free radical is the cause of premature skin aging and skin cancer. Many medical studies have also documented, capsaicin has the role of cancer prevention.
Adaptive behavior. Hot pepper spicy in taste generated continuously by the people's favorite, because chili spicy and people's physiology and psychology has good adaptability with the characteristics, such as tobacco and pungent material adaptability characteristics. Can better adapt to human's physiology and psychology need, it is an another important reason for chili can spread. It is the special spicy pepper promote human blood circulation, make people energetic; to promote the secretion of saliva, increasing appetite; promote the rich taste, let people enjoy more and better spicy food.
Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com
ABOUT THE AUTHOR