Juvenile Delinquency: Minors Under the Law
Juvenile Delinquency is the illegal act done by minors. Most of the juveniles are misdemeanor offenses while some are felony also, but the minors are not punished for the same as adults.
Juvenile delinquency is the act of crime or the violation of laws done by minors. The juvenile offenses are heard in juvenile court and if the court finds the minor to be delinquent then the court may order confinement, probation, curfew, etc depending on the age and the type of crime committed. Any juvenile crime is not punished like that of an adult offense, the minor may not be charged with the crime but may be determined as delinquent.
Types of Juvenile Offenses:
Juvenile offenses could be categorized in two and the categories included in it are related to the crimes committed by minors.
1. Delinquency Offense: Delinquency offenses are crimes that are always regarded as crimes whether conducted by adults or minors. Examples of delinquency offenses may include murder, rape, robbery. The property crimes and the violent crimes come under the delinquency offenses.
2. Status Offense: Status offense is referred to certain actions that are only prohibited to minors and thus are considered unlawful however if the same actions are done by any adult then they are considered to be lawful. Examples of the status offense may include drinking alcohol, truancy (being regularly absent from the school without reason), running away from home, breaking curfew rules, consuming alcohol, etc.
Status offenses have criminal status because they are committed by underage individuals, however status offenses the least serious types of juvenile delinquency.
Some of the Common Juvenile Crimes:
Legal Penalties and punishment for Juvenile Delinquency:
The juvenile court handles the juvenile crimes in which the court conducts adjudications, reviews minor’s acts, and decides the penalty for the juvenile considering the age, type of offense, any of the records in past, gender, social history, and parents control over the child.
The juvenile court often tries to give penalties rather than any form of incarceration and the penalties may include:
Incarceration for Juvenile Delinquents:
According to the status of the offense, the juvenile court may order incarceration as a penalty for the minor, the types of incarceration would be any of the following:
Non-Incarceration for Juvenile Delinquents:
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