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Background of Varanasi City

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Varanasi city is located on the banks of the River Ganges in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It's also called Benaras and the location is renowned for Benaras silk saris. It is one of the most ancient cities in India and the findings at Rajghat demonstrate that it was populated in ninth century B.C. The twenty third Tirthankara of Jain Faith was believed to have born here in eight hundred B.C. The Aryans that populated the place in 2000 B.C. settled on the Ganges area. The spot is significant for Hindus, Jains and Buddhists. It is said that Varanasi city is the home of Ayurvedic medication.

You'll find various names of Varanasi. They are Kashi or Kasi, Avimuktaka, Anandakanana, Mahasmasana, Surandhana, Brahma Vardha, Sudarsana, Ramya and Benaras. The 2 tributaries of Ganges are Assi and Varuna and the name Varanasi must have been derived names of those 2 streams. It was mentioned within the Rigveda as Kasi which implies the place of lighting. The town is described as the city of temples, the holy city of India, the town of lighting, the town of learning, the oldest city on this planet and the religious capital of The Indian subcontinent.

Based on the Hindu mythology, a person that takes bath in the Ganges River in Varanasi may all have their sins washed away. In the year 528 B.C. Buddha presented his first sermon about rotating the wheel of law at Sarnath located just a few kilometers away from the town. There had been a mention with regards to this specific place in numerous Hindu scriptures including Ramayana, Mahabarata, Skanda Purana and Rigveda. In fifth century B.C. it was in fact the capital city of the Kingdom of Kasi. In 635 A.D., the Chinese traveler Huan Tsang visited this spot that excelled in educational, social and commercial aspects.

Mahmud Ghazni attacked the city in 1033 A.D. and Mohammed Gori attacked that in 1193 A.D. Many temples were destroyed in the course of this period. Since that time the spot lost its glory for few centuries. The town got back a few of its lost glory when Akbar came to throne in 16th century. When Aurangazeb came to throne, he renamed that Mohammedabad.

Many eminent scholars, poets, authors and philosophers such as Tulsi Das, Prem Chand, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Ravi Shankar and Kabir were born in Varanasi city. Right after the Mughal time period, Varanasi city arrived under the dominance of Marathas and the town once again blossomed in the course of their time. The Kingdom of Kashi was an independent state in 18th century. The Ramnagar Fort was constructed by Kashi Narash Raja Balwant Singh in that time. It was constructed in the Mughal style of architecture. Yet another fort, Chet Singh Palace was built by Maharaja Chet Singh in Shivala Ghat. It became a new Indian state in 1910 and arrived beneath the impact of English with Ramnagar as its capital.

While Annie Besant started the Theosophical SocietyArticle Submission, she selected Varanasi as its home. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya established the Banaras Hindu University in 1916. It is one of the biggest universities of Asia. There are several historic places right here and Varanasi photos and Varanasi videos will give more insight into this.



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Suhaina Mazhar is a freelance content writer and blogger and has penned thousands of unique articles. Click the link to uncover significant details about Varanasi and watch Varanasi photos and Varanasi videos.

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