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Categories of Trains In India

There are different categories of trains and different classes of accommodation on the trains, and usually several options are available for any given route.

There are eight classes in all (with a few variations according to the type of train, etc.), but not all classes are available on all trains. Unless there is no other choice, you will probably want to avoid the slow local passenger trains, which stop at every little station and usually have only extremely crowded second-class non-AC carriages. With few exceptions, it is essential to book reservations in advance for overnight trains if you want to be sure of a berth to sleep in.

The fastest, safest, most reliable and most luxurious trains are the classes of trains known as Rajdhani and Shatabdi. They have the fewest stops and are generally on time. They are more expensive than other trains, and reservations are required. Shatabdi trains are short-haul day trains with sitting accommodations only. Rajdhani trains are long-haul trains, consisting of only air-conditioned (AC) first, second and third class coaches. Non-AC classes are not available. The mail and express trains are a little slower and make more stops. Ordinary trains or passenger trains are the cheapest, slowest, and most uncomfortable--and there is no AC. there at a Glance doesn't list ordinary trains except in a few cases where there is nothing else available. There are also special trains mountain trains such as the "toy trains" (i.e., narrow gauge) of the Nilgiris, Shimla, Kangra Valley and Darjeeling, all of which are slow, but exceptionally scenic, cheap and delightful; and an increasing number of special tourist trains which are expensive and luxurious, such as the Palace on Wheels and the Deccan Queen.

Once a train gets behind schedule for any reason, it will keep getting delayed further, except, usually, for the Rajdhani and Shatabdi, which have priority over all the others. In many places there is only one set of tracks, so a train often has to wait while trains coming in the opposite direction pass by. Therefore, if one train is late, it will delay many other trains as well. If there is a major accident, trains may have to be rerouted, and this process can result in delays of many hours. In the winter, fog delays many trains by several hours, especially in the North.

Many of the metropolitan areas (e.g., Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai) have local commuter trains, and Delhi has a new metro rail system, which is clean, safe, efficient, and which rivals any metro system in the world. Mumbai, on the other handArticle Submission, has possibly the most over-crowded and miserable commuter rail system that you will find anywhere. Read more best option about  Palace on Wheels Tour by train and Indian Maharaja Train Tour

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