Peru Travel: Top Historic UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Peru
Explore Peru’s top historical UNESCO World Heritage Sites on your Peru vacation. Discover the captivating history of three of Peru’s greatest cities with this article written by a Peru travel expert.
History and culture buffs will have the perfect vacation by traveling to the top historic UNESCO World Heritage Sites throughout Peru. Visit a wide variety of cities during your trip to Peru and learn about the extensive history of cities throughout the different regions, from Lima to Arequipa and all the way to Cusco, visit these three historical sites on your Peru trip.
An UNESCO World Heritage Site is selected by a committee of 21 countries who determine the best that humanity and nature have created. All World Heritage Sites must be of exceptional universal value and should be honored and preserved for future generations. Peru is home to 11 World Heritage Sites, a mixture of historical and natural wonders, all of which should be visited on your Peru vacation. If you are looking to experience the best of Peru’s cultural and historic cities visit one of these World Heritage sites during your travel to Peru.
Peru’s capital city, Lima, is the gateway to the rest of the country, as almost all travelers will travel through the city to reach their next destination. However, Lima offers more than a hub for transportation; it is a historically rich city and a food lover’s paradise. Known as the “City of Kings” this beautiful city was the former colonial capital of the region. Lima was of great importance in the formation of the New World during the 18th century and provides a great example of the architecture from a Spanish colonial town. Visit the historic city center while visiting Lima during your Peru travel.
The beautiful region of Arequipa allows travelers to experience city life and beautiful scenery all in one place. Head south from Lima to the “White City,” Arequipa, throughout the city colonial buildings, churches, and mansions are crafted from a volcanic stone, sillar, which is a magnificent pearly white. This beautiful craftsmanship is an integration of European and native styles, and is a main reason it was declared a World Heritage Site. The beauty of the city’s architecture and buildings is only highlighted by the city’s gorgeous weather and landscapes. Sitting at the base of the Misti Volcano the city is nestled in the green hills of rich farmland and Inca agricultural terraces, and provides a beautiful and unique destination for your Peru holiday.
Cusco, the heart of the Inca Empire is also full of history, culture, and scenery, and is the first stop on most Machu Picchu tours. Declared a World Heritage Site in 1983, the city of Cusco has retained its charm through centuries of transformation and provides a display of the Inca’s unrivaled craftsmanship. The architecture throughout the city is a diverse mixture of Inca and colonial styles, the latter from the Spanish conquest which led to the demise of the Inca Empire. This mixture ensures that around every corner travelers will get a glimpse into the intriguing yet tortured past of the city. Cusco was declared a World Heritage Site based on the criteria that it “bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.” The city does just that, Cusco is a lasting testament to the Inca Empire, and should be discovered on every Peru vacation.
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
This article about the top UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Peru was written by a travel expert at Peru For Less who specializes in helping you organize best value Machu Picchu vacation packages and fully customizable Peru tour itineraries.