A diamond is a supreme gemstone, possessing very few shortcomings and many strengths. It is widely known that natural diamonds are the strongest compound present in nature, nevertheless few people today are aware that diamonds are four times harder than the next hardest mineral, corundum which is sapphires & rubies.
Natural diamonds are made deep within the Earth's mantle crust from the element carbon, around 180km below the ground, wherein high temperature together with pressure exist. A certain amount of diamonds are made at depths of 300-400 kilometres, and even deeper, however these natural diamonds are incredibly exceptional.
In addition to carbon, there can be tiny quantities of additional substances, such as nitrogen or sulfur that may become trapped in the crystal while it is created in the mantel. These types of contaminants can give coloration to the diamond. Probably the most rare is pink colored diamonds.
Most of the rarest natural diamonds appear by rare accidents of nature in hues of pinks, glowing blue, emerald, amber, as well as violet. All these diamonds are known as Fancy diamonds and are evaluated on a separate set of color standards, to the typical white coloration scale. Which is a part of a natural diamonds four C`s. Fancy diamonds are the most valuable because of their extreme scarcity.
A natural diamond comprises the individual element carbon, and it is the organization of the C atoms in the lattice that give a diamond its extraordinary capabilities. Remarkably diamond as well as graphite are made up of simply just carbon. In spite of this a natural diamond is the hardest known substance and graphite is one of the softest, this is the result of a rearrangement of the way the atoms are bonded with each other. Diamond carbon atoms are joined in a regular three-dimensional lattice with a duplicating or crystalline structure.
Due to its distinctive inner composition as well as powers of daylight reflectivity, whenever cut to proper proportions, a diamond collects light within itself then simply sends it back in a shower of fire and brilliance. The life of a polished diamond is known as the amount of light that is reflected back to the viewer. The phrase life is also referred to as brilliance. If the diamond is cut with excellent ratios then the brilliance will be increased. Lustre describes the outside shine on a polished diamond. Brilliance is the play of colours which can be seen from the crown of a polished natural diamond. When light enters the diamond it is refracted and separated into the colorations of the spectrum then reflected back. The resulting rainbow-like coloration flashes are called fire.
Only about one-fifth of all the mined diamonds can be deemed to be of gem grade. From 40 to 350 ton of gravel and sand must be processed these days to mine one uncut natural diamond from the world's thinning diamond mines. Consultants estimate that most known supplies of diamonds will be depleted within 30 to 50 years. 75 - 80% of all diamonds mined are utilized for industrial applications like for example drilling, milling, and sawing. The rest can be used for jewelry or investing. A lot less than 2% of the diamonds mined are of such fine quality that they might be considered investment quality.
In general, 450 tons of ore has to be mined as well as processed to make a one carat diamond of jewellery quality. Once the mining operation is finished, sorters look at rough natural diamonds, dividing them into little heaps by condition, dimensions, as well as grade, a lengthy and also repetitious practice.
A diamond is made of one single element making it the finest of earth's gems. Therefore it is fitting that the finest as well as most dazzling of all the world's gems makes the diamond engagement ring the ideal symbol of everlastingly love.