Preschool education is gaining huge importance globally in this current time frame for creating a strong foundation for the development of young children.
It has been understood that from the prenatal stage to 8 years age a child needs a huge amount of care for their education and upbringing alongside health and nutrition. From a detailed research on early childhood care and education, few sub stages can be identified easily. The first stage would be an infant-toddler which primarily deals with the children 3 years of age or below. At this stage children require a family or crèche with stimulating environment exuding warmth. The adequate nutrition and health inputs cannot be overlooked at this stage. The second stage could be early childhood care. This stage can be considered as the pre-primary school education stage. This stage deals with the children between 3 to 5 years of age. At this stage children require preschool education and health care. The mental health of the children also should be taken care of at this stage with importance. The third stage would be an early primary stage that deals with the children between 6 to 8 years of age. This stage also require optimum care as children start developing character from this stage. The initial stage of a child’s life, especially the first six to eight years is globally acknowledged as the most critical years and it is highly crucial for lifelong development. The recent research work in the field of neuroscience has come up with strong evidence that the early childhood is the most critical period for physical and mental development. As children are not capable of understanding what they need or they fail to express their feeling or need, hence they need strong guidance and care. But, in order to care for them in the proper manner, it is important to understand them and their needs. West Bengal is popular for the quality of learners it produces who go for higher education and on the other hand this state has a strong student population as well. But all the children do not get equal opportunity in education and are deprived of optimal child care environment. There are a number of pre-schools available in the state, but all do not feature equal quality. Only few children get the opportunity to get enrolled in a standard pre-school depending on the money their parents have and access to a metro city. But all children are equal, no matter which family background they have. Hence, there is a huge need for common and uniform platform in the entire state for early childhood education. Different cities and towns in West Bengal have many preschools, but they fail to feature the quality. Education is an area that is not only dependent on infrastructure only, but quality of the teacher and learning system plays an important role. It is possible without a lavish infrastructure. Hence smaller preschools should gear up and provide the best possible learning atmosphere and care for the children. Early childhood teacher training will play a significant role here. The teachers should learn the latest techniques and methods for teaching young learners. It can be said that the proven methods for teaching and caring for the early children create the difference between good preschool and better preschool. There is no room for experimentation or learning while working when it comes to early childhood education and care. The teacher should understand the gravity of the job role and responsibility. The preschool administration should be careful also while hiring teacher for early childhood teaching. They must understand how skilled he or she is to teach young learners. There are many teacher training institutes in Kolkata offering detailed guidelines required for teaching young learners. One may pursue the course to become eligible for teaching young kids by learning latest methods and techniques. Working teachers may also pursue these teacher training courses to upgrade their skills and produce more effective results. These courses are also handy for the people working in the administrative section of preschool to understand how they should run the organization and evaluate the performance of the teachers. The courses are also handy for the people planning to open up preschools. Several popular school chains as well as international schools are mushrooming all over West Bengal which has upped the demand for trained pre-school teachers who can truly make a difference in the field of early childhood education.