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What is Autism, its various causes and types

Autism spectrum disorder is the developmental and neurological disorder that affects the person's ability to communicate and behave with others.

Autism spectrum disorder or commonly known as Autism is a mental illness, which is characterized by problems related to behavior and communication. It is a complicated brain malfunction and indulges a wide range of skills and symptoms. A person suffering from Autism disorder needs a special and full-time care whether they have a minor disability or problem or major problem.

In Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD, there is a variation in the severity and type of symptoms. Basically its the developmental and neurological condition that affects the person's ability to communicate and behave. Scientists in its recent research have studied and believed that with genetic playing a bigger role and that how environment and genes both play a vital role in causing changes in the brain, that leads to the development of the Autism Spectrum Disorder.

People suffering from Autism Disorder find it difficult in expressing their feelings or themselves to others even through gestures and words and it also makes them unable to understand what other people think or say or feel. People suffering from ASD faces problem in learning and due to brain malfunctions, their skills may develop slowly and unevenly. Before it get worsen people must consult a Psychiatrist in Gurgaon for speedy recovery.

This disorder effects person's day to day life. But in this disorder people might find it difficult to communicate but some of them have the special ability or talent related to arts, music or good memory, reasoning. The reports say that as compare to before nowadays most of the children are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. About the 102 identified genes, out of them 42 genes are related to other developmental issues. One if the scientists named Lori J. Warner has said that "some genes appear connected to the development or cause of ASD, whereas the others may increase the risk of having ASD plus severe neurological developmental disorder".

 Symptoms of Autism

Generally, the symptoms of autism can be seen in children as they get into the age of 3, but there are some cases when the sign of Autism disorder can be seen at the time of birth only. Some of the basic symptoms are as follows:

  • repetition of various kind of works like flipping a lever, or repeating words or phrases.
  • intense dedication to certain things.
  • people may find it difficult to have eye contact with other people.
  • they might ignore people or avoid listening to them.
  • fast reaction to certain sounds, smells, objects.
  • they hate when people pamper or cuddle them.
  • sometimes it becomes harder for them to cope up with the changes in their routines.
  • the problem in talking as their voice may not be clear for others to understand and they also found it trouble communicating with others.

 

Types of Autism Spectrum Disorders

1- Asperger's syndrome

In this type of disorder, children don't have trouble with the languages, instead, they have problem-related to social activities and lack of interest in anything.

2- Autistic Disorder

This disorder is mainly seen in children above the age of 3years. By the word it already depicts that a person suffering may find it difficult in interacting with other people, communication issues, etc.

3- Childhood disintegrative disorder

This is one of the typical types of disorder which can be seen in children. Till the age of 2years children develop typically and after thatArticle Submission, they start losing whatever skills or sense they have developed.

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The exact cause of Autism is still not yet fully confirmed and its proper diagnosis is also not available. But as said by the Psychiatrist in Gurgaon its can be cured to some extent with good and proper care.



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