Geotechnical Examination and Testing of Structures
Did you ever wonder how contractors, builders, and engineers are making sure that large structures like bridges ad walls are going to outstand the weight that they are going to take on a daily basis for the years to come? They are making use of a geotechnical engineering consultancy firm for the testing.
It is interesting to learn more about how they are investigating structures to ensure that it is safe and strong enough to withstand weather and weight.
Geotechnical examination and testing explained
This involves the use of certain methods to test the structures while it is still under construction. This is to ensure that the structure is safe and strong. This is normally done by a geotechnical engineering consultant. And, the whole process is called geotechnical analysists and investigations of structures.
If the structure is declared unsafe, the whole construction is put on hold. Then, it needs to be corrected and it can continue when the engineer is declaring the structure safe again. This is one of the reasons why this is something that is getting done during the construction and not after the construction is completed.
Essential for bridges, dam walls, and other heavy-duty structures
Even, if investigations by engineers are getting done with large buildings like multi-level buildings, this isn’t as necessary as with certain structures. We are talking about structures like bridges, dam walls and other heavy-duty structures that take a lot of weight on just a couple of pillars.
When the structure isn’t done properly it is a danger to everyone that is using the structure or that is around the structure, costing people’s lives. This is why they are strict with this type of building a structure.
Soil testing and samplers
Soil testing and sample taking is part of the investigation and the analysis process. Soil testing needs to be done with any type of construction, but it is more essential with large structures like bridges and dam walls. And, engineers are strict on doing the testing and analyses before construction can continue.
These soil testing is getting done at the premises of the construction, but there are also some of the soil samples that are getting sent away for testing in a lab. The moment that it is found that there are problems with the soil, the construction is put on hold, until it is getting resolved.
Testing the structures as contractors are building
As we said before, these tests are getting done while the contractors are building. This is to make sure that the structure is solid and strong from the beginning of the construction to the end when the structure is done.
The final analyses and investigation of the structure are done much more thoroughly than during the construction. Every piece of the building is getting investigated for problems. Problems that can become bigger later on. These problems need to be repaired before the structure is declared safe.
When the analysis and investigation of structures isn’t done correctly
When the analysis and investigation of structures aren’t done correctly, there are a couple of things that are going to happen. First of all, there will not be any proof that the structure is safe to use by people. And, if the structure collapse and people are injured or die during the collapse, the engineer and contractor are going to be in serious trouble.
Geotechnical testing and Investigation for Structures is something that is really important to do, during the construction of large buildings and structures. Because of the size of these structures, it is essential that it is declared safe before it can be opened to the public.
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Nancy Whitman is a contributor to leading Australian geotechnical engineering consultancy firm, Soil Surveys.