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37The Status of Ice Hockey sport Development

People can not give an exact answer when they are asked about hockey's origin. Whereas, it is said that hockey first appeared in Britain. We could watch hockey game in Olympic Games in 1920. Ice hockey experienced a fast progress


We are not sure that we can offer a definite answer about ice hockey's history. However, most people accept the saying that ice hockey stems from the United Kingdom. Later it came into North America. At a very early age, hockey was very popular in the England's army service station in Canada. In McGill University, some students started the ice hockey game in 1870s. These students also laid down so-called "McGill Regulation". According to this regulation, we use the present hockey rather than former gum-elastic hockey. In addition, every team has 9 members. In 1885, in Montreal, Canada, the first national hockey organization was established. It is The Amateur Hockey Association of Canada. The organization made a rule that the members were decreased into 7. At the same year, National Hockey League was established in Lake Ontario. It is composed of four teams.
In 1890s, this sport spread into America. Johns Hopkins University and Yale University played a famed hockey game in 1895. Although hockey is a recreational project in Canada, America set up a first national and professional hockey league. The institution's head quarter is Houghton in Michigan and it is founded in 1903. All the teams of Canada and America belong to the league. It was expanded twice three years later. In 1910, NHL was set up officially.
Men's ice hockey was first put into Olympic Games in 1920. But, in 1924, we could watch hockey game in Chuck Nicks Olympic Winter Games. In Nagano's Winter Olympics people first saw Women's hockey in 1998.
Since hockey appeared in the Olympic Games, Canada and the Soviet Union played best in the hockey game. These two countries had 14 champions. Actually there are only 19 hockey matches in the history of Olympic Games. Canada got the first four championships in the Olympic Games. Moreover, Canada won six champions in the first seven Olympic Games. But, in 1956, Canada did not get champion. The championship they won in 1952 was their last one in the Olympic Games. The hockey team of the Soviet Union won the champion in Cortina Olympic Winter Games in 1956. In next 10 Olympic Winter Games, they got 8 hockey gold medals. America got the gold medals twice in 1960 and 1980. These two Olympic Winter Games were held in their country. After the Albertville Winter Olympics in 1992, the Soviet Union broke up. That is to say, their dominant position on hockey game in the Winter Olympics disappeared. In 1998, Nagano Olympic Winter Games permitted the professional players to participate in the hockey game. It increased the level of the Winter Olympics' hockey. Women's hockey was allowed in 1998. In Nagano Winter Olympics women attended the hockey game in the Olympic Games. This time, America got the champion and Canada was failed. That is to say, in the history of Women's hockey, the United States won the first gold medal in Nagano Olympic Winter Games. Now hockey is a very popular sport in the world, and many people love it. Here I just give a brief introduction to hockey. If you are interested in it, you should search more information about it. I hope that it will be helpful for you to learn this sport
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