Free Articles, Free Web Content, Reprint Articles
Sunday, June 16, 2019
 
Free Articles, Free Web Content, Reprint ArticlesRegisterAll CategoriesTop AuthorsSubmit Article (Article Submission)ContactSubscribe Free Articles, Free Web Content, Reprint Articles
 

The Cost of Going Public in the United States

The Cost of Going Public in the United StatesBy William Cate[http://home.earthlink.net/~beowulfinvestments/]From Equity Finance Solutions March 2000The following data is taken from "Going Public" by ...

The Cost of Going Public in the United States
By William Cate
[http://home.earthlink.net/~beowulfinvestments/]
From Equity Finance Solutions
March 2000

The following data is taken from "Going Public" by James B. Arkebauer (1994) and the IPO cost website at: http://www.intranet.ca/~tgil/p2.html
You should keep in mind that costs vary based upon the complexity, the size of the underwriting and the history of the private company.
The following IPO costs would be reasonable for a company with over $2 million in gross revenues and a 3-5 year operating history. A startup company would pay less than half this estimate to do an IPO.
In some cases one or both sources acknowledge a cost listed below, but fail to offer an estimate. In those cases, I've supplied an estimate based upon my IPO experience.

Pre-IPO Costs$300,000
Legal Costs$175,000
Accounting$80,000
Printing & Mailing$100,000
Translation$30,000
Market Prep Costs$90,000
Investment Bankers$50,000
Consultants$50,000
Moody's or S&P$6,000
Blue Sky Fees$20,000 (California only)
Transfer Agent$2,000
Mgnt. & Admin.$200,000
SEC Filing Fee$5,000
Taxes$15,000 (Estimated)
Total$1,123, 000

Underwriting Costs

The underwriting cost is a function of the money raised in the IPO. The NASD allows up to 18% in costs. If the gross revenue from the IPO is $10 million, this is an underwriting cost can be as high as $1.8 million.

Here's how the costs breakdown:

Non accountable Expense 3%
Accountable Expense 5%
Discount 10%
The Company insiders are often required to supply IPO buyers. The norm is the company insidersí supply 50% of the IPO buyers. Iíve seen ranges of required buying from10% to over 100%.
The Client Brokerage Commission is often 5% on IPOs. Itís paid by the brokerage firm client and doesn't affect the money received by the company.

These costs rise by about six percent per year. As long as the present Bull Market persists, these costs will continue to rise. There are ways to reduce these costs. I offers one alternative at [http://home.earthlink.net/~beowulfinvestments/]

Relatively few companies seek practical advice about the equity process. They rely on their attorneys, auditors and underwriters for help. This practice contributes to the fifty- percent failure rate among companies seeking to do an IPO. Taking a company public in the States is a costly project. You can cut your costs by using alternatives to doing an IPO. But, the costs remain high.

Seek to go public based upon flat fees, not hourly rates. This limits your risk to the agreed upon fees. Find someone who can package the entire registration and listing service for you. Itís always cheaper to buy the complete service rather than the individual parts. The supplier is taking several companies public and gets better prices from professionals for their services.

Itís less costly for a non-American company to go public in the States than for any U. S. Domestic Company to become a U.S. public company in America. The money savings relate to lower levels of legal responsibility for the filing attorney doing a 20F filing rather than an SB2 filing. The non-American company can use an auditor and an audit method that is accepted in their local country. This saves money over paying an American Accounting Firm to do a GAAP audit.

There are other savings for non-American companies trading in the United States. They include the fact that the SEC does not require quarterly filings (called 10Qs), nor is an annual shareholders report or meeting. I believe that clear, concise communications with shareholders is vital. I believe that both positive and negative information needs to be shared in a timely manner. I doubt the SEC requirements for 10Qs and shareholder reports is the most cost effective way to achieve these goals.

Historically, the Over-the-Counter and Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB) are the easiest and cheapest places to list your shares. This market has a bad reputation. My advice is seek to list your shares on a Regional Stock Exchange as soon as your company meets the regional stock exchangeís listing requirements.

Epilog: Since March 2000, the EnronHealth Fitness Articles, Tyco International and WorldCom stock scandals have driven the cost of doing a GAAP audit upward. Inflation continues and the cost of doing an IPO has risen substantially in the past four years. (5/04)
You can contact William Cate at the Beowulf Investments website:
[http://home.earthlink.net/~beowulfinvestments/]

Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

ABOUT THE AUTHOR


He has been the Managing Director of Beowulf Investments [http://home.earthlink.net/~beowulfinvestments/] since 1981 and is the Executive Director of the Global Village Investment Club [http://home.earthlink.net/~beowulfinvestments/globalvillageinvestmentclubwelcome/]



Health
Business
Finance
Travel
Technology
Home Repair
Computers
Marketing
Autos
Family
Entertainment
Law
Education
Communication
Other
Sports
ECommerce
Home Business
Self Help
Internet
Partners


Page loaded in 0.082 seconds