Sydney 23rd in International Cost of Living Comparison

Mar 14 05:25 2008 Steven McManus Print This Article

The latest international cost of living comparison has found that Sydney, Australia is the 23rd most expensive city in the world for expatriates.

The findings of the international cost of living comparison of 228 international locations,Guest Posting conducted by the international relocation calculator, shows that Sydney is the 23rd most expensive city overall.

The international cost of living comparison uses the prices of goods and services that expatriates spend their salaries on in each location, and calculates cost of living indexes (COLI) for 13 different basket groups using New York as the base (i.e. New York is equal to 100).

The most expensive city in the world for expatriates is London with an overall COLI of 126.6.  At the other end of the rankings, the least expensive city (again – for expatriates to live in) is Harare with an overall COLI of 16.4.  This means that on average, goods and services that cost an expatriate US$100 in New York would cost US$126.6 in London, compared to just US$16.4 in Harare, and US101.73 in Sydney.

Sydney Cost of Living

For each aspect of cost of living Sydney is ranked by as follows (Out of 228 international locations, ranked from highest cost of living to lowest cost of living):

  • Alcohol & Tobacco (Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco Products): 29th
  • Clothing (Clothing and Footwear Products): 116th
  • Communication (Telephone, Internet, and Mobile Communication): 150th
  • Education (Creche, Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Fees): 13th
  • Furniture and Appliances (Furniture, Household Equipment and Household Appliances): 94th
  • Groceries (Food, Non-Alcoholic Beverages and Cleaning Material): 44th
  • Healthcare (General Healthcare, Medical and Medical Insurance): 11th
  • Household (Rent, Mortgage, Water, Electricity, Household Gas, Household Fuels, Local Rates and Residential Taxes): 33rd
  • Miscellaneous (Stationary, Linen, General Goods and Services): 112th
  • Personal Care (Personal Care Products and Services): 7th
  • Recreation & Culture (Books, Cinema, DVD, Sports Goods etc): 29th
  • Restaurants Meals Out and Hotels: 24th
  • Transport (Public Transport, Vehicle Costs, Vehicle Fuel, Vehicle Insurance and Vehicle Maintenance): 41st

Expatriate Pay Approaches

Cost of living information is used by organisations to establish salary levels for expatriates undertaking international assignments.  How the cost of living information is used depends on the pay methodology adopted by the organisation.  There are 3 mainstream approaches to establishing salary levels for international assignments, the build-up approach, the salary purchasing power approach, and the cost of living allowance approach.

Salary Build-Up Approach

The build-up approach uses the expatriate’s home salary as the starting point and then builds up the salary package for an international assignment.  Typical elements added to the salary are for cost of living differences, hardship differences and exchange rate.  Hardship is the relative difference in the quality of living a person and their family are likely to experience.

For example a person earning AUD$100 000 in Sydney taking up an assignment in London would have the following build-up:

Base Salary AUD$100 000 X COLI X Hardship Premium X Exchange Rate = Assignment Package in UK Pounds.

Using, a person earning AUD$100 000 in Sydney, would earn an assignment package of UK Pounds £58 447.

Salary Purchasing Power Approach

The Salary purchasing power approach seeks to achieve parity between international locations.  What would be the equivalent of a salary in Sydney in other places in the world in terms of purchasing power?  We compared purchasing power by comparing salary levels adjusted for cost of living differences, and relative hardship using 

A salary of USD$50 000 in Sydney Australia is equivalent to:

  • USD$44 031 in Beijing
  • USD$48 578 in Dubai
  • USD$62 238 in London
  • USD$46 142 in New Delhi
  • USD$51 514 in Paris France

This means that an organisation with a head office in Sydney, and international offices in each of the above locations would pay a position that is paid USD$50 000 in Sydney, USD$62 238 in London and USD$44 031 in Beijing in order to achieve the same salary purchasing power in each location.

Cost of Living Allowance (COLA) Approach

Organisations that make use of Cost of Living Allowances (COLA) use cost of living information to determine how much COLA to pay for international assignments.  A COLA is an allowance paid to an expatriate to ensure that they are compensated where the cost of living is higher than their home country.  Where the cost of living is lower, most organisations do not adjust the salary downwards, they would simply not pay a COLA in such cases.  Using the example of a person earning US$50 000 in Sydney sent on an international assignment to London, they would be paid a COLA as follows:

USD$62 238 in London less USD$50 000 in Sydney = USD$12 238 COLA in London

The COLA is paid in addition to the individual’s current salary, for the duration of the international assignment, and is typically reviewed on an annual basis, or when the COLI changes by more than 10%.

Source: Free Guest Posting Articles from

About Article Author

Steven McManus
Steven McManus

Steven McManus has been an Information and Reward Consultant to over 100 organisations for over a decade.  Steven runs the most comprehensive international relocation calculator available, an internet service that is used primarily to calculate expatriate salary levels for international assignments, which can be found at

View More Articles