How to Choose the Best Surgical Tools for Medical Application

Apr 7 01:59 2022 hazel John Print This Article

Every procedure or process requires a specific set of tools designed and built especially for it. As with every other kind of procedure, the medical procedure also requires surgical tools for the smooth execution of a medical operation.

The selections of appropriate surgical instruments depend mainly on their usage. However, there are certain selection criteria that determine which instruments are best for operational procedures.


These criteria are discussed in detail below. When selecting the appropriate tool,Guest Posting you first must note down the:

  • The nature of the procedure you are performing
  • Age of the patient on which the procedure is being performed
  • The size of the instrument
  • Frequency of usage
  • The individual differences of the tools
  • Quality of surgical tools


The Selection of the Surgical Instruments 1.     The nature of the procedure

The first and foremost thing you should know when selecting medical instruments is the nature of the procedure you are performing. Is it an operation of Appendectomy, a Heart Bypass Surgery, a CT Scan, or a C-Section? Every procedure will require a different set of surgical tools.

Take, for example, the appendectomy procedure which requires tools such as Metzenbaum scissors, scalpel, and Mayo scissors. On the other hand, a surgical procedure such as C-Section requires a different variety of surgical scissors such as Metzenbaum, straight and curved Mayo scissors.

To get an idea of the instrument to use for a surgical procedure, reading published articles, books and booklets can be helpful. These sources of information are also likely to give a well-explained idea about what to do and how to carry out the procedure with the selected tools. Remember, using the wrong instrument can have dire consequences as it may lead to surgery getting disrupted or be unsuccessful altogether.


2.     Age of the Patient

The age of the patient is also an important factor to consider when choosing the right instrument for a surgical procedure. Instruments which are used for surgical procedures in pediatric surgery are different from those used in other surgeries.

The age of the patient can have an impact on the choice of the surgical instrument and tool. For example, there are many tools designed for pediatric surgery. These tools allow for a smooth surgical procedure and atraumatic application due to their appropriate sizes.


3.     The size of the instrument

One very important factor that can be a determinant of the instrument’s selection is the size of the surgical instrument. This is because only an instrument with an appropriate size can function effectively and easily. Take, for example, a needle holder. In case of the needle holder, the size of the holder itself should be according to the size of the needle it will be holding. If it is not of the right size, it will fail to properly grasp the needle.

Likewise, an instrument that is perfect for a 200-300g mouse of 22-26 cm length may not be the best fit for a neo-natal mouse of about 15 g or 1.25cm length.


4.     Frequency of usage

Choosing an instrument based on how frequently it is used is a wise decision when selecting the right instrument for a medical application. For instruments that are frequently used, prefer to choose the ones built from stronger material such as titanium and tungsten carbide. This is because instruments made from these materials require little maintenance and are effective for use for a long time.

Before selecting the right surgical tool for medical application, ask yourself how often the instrument will be used. It is appropriate to use a pair of scissors made of tungsten carbide inserts if you make more than 100 cuts per day.


5.     The individual differences of the tools

While it is a fact that instruments used for medical procedures are similar to each other, they are all unique. Different surgical instruments are used by different surgeons. For example, a scissor is one such instrument that may be hard to use by left-handed surgeons. This is the reason why a left-handed surgeon should choose surgical tools built especially for left-handed users.


6.     Quality of surgical tools

Remember, quality determines the longevity of a medical instrument. The high quality of the surgical instruments allows optimal comfort, precision, and speed. On the other hand, usage of low-quality instruments may lead to frequent replacements, poor performance, and damage to human organs or tissue. To check the quality of surgical instruments, check with quality assurance departments and teams to make sure you are making the right decision.


Types of Surgical Instruments

Another important factor to keep in consideration is that each surgical instrument can be used to perform a specific function. Here we take a look at some types of instruments which will give you an idea about how to choose the best ones for medical applications.


1.     Cutting Instruments

Scissors are cutting instruments containing two blades joined together at a pivot point for cutting or shearing material that comes in contact with the blades. Note that the length of the scissor tip should match the depth of the incision you plan to make. Let us look at some of the tips to consider when choosing the right pair of surgical scissors:

Ï       Fine tip scissors

These types of scissors are ideal for use in restricted spaces. Perfect for right or left-hand use, these scissors are designed for ophthalmological procedures. In addition, you can make quick, delicate cuts with quite minimal tissue damage by using fine tip scissors. Scissors made from tungsten carbide inserts are more durable and are able to hold on edge longer and last longer than other stainless steel instruments.

Ï       Curve-tipped scissors

These types of scissors are best for use when you want to avoid cutting the underlying tissues.

  • Special material scissors made with a heavier construction such as Metzenbaum, Mayo and Supercut scissors are useful for cutting thick tissue or vessels.




2.     Grasping Instruments

Grasping instruments such as forceps are further divided into two categories, ring forceps, and thumb forceps. Here are some tips to consider when choosing the right forceps:

  • Reverse forceps provide uniform tension and need to be squeezed to open them
  • Ceramic-tipped forceps are corrosion and heat-resistant as well as insulated
  • Straight tips on forceps are mainly used for general precision work

Ring forceps or hemostats are an instrument for grasping or exerting traction upon objects for delicate operations. Hinged and resembling ring scissors, these hemostatic forceps have a locking mechanism known as a ratchet used for clamping. Eventually, the jaws of the locking forceps come together with the application of each increment of the ratchet.

Thumb forceps, on the other hand, are spring forceps used for compression between the thumb and forefinger for holding or grasping body tissue. Some broad categories of forceps are dressing forceps and tissue forceps. As the name implies, dressing forceps are used when dressing wounds, and tissue forceps are used in more delicate procedures involving tissue cuts as they offer a better grip on tissues and minimize tissue damage.


3.     Retractors

Commonly used to hold an incision or a wound open, retractors are used to hold an organ or a tissue in a way so as to expose the tissue underneath. Today, multiple types of retractors are available of various sizes and lengths. Some examples of retractors are Langenbeck, Travers, Morris, and St Mark’s retractors.

  • Self-retaining retractors have a mechanical device that allows a hands-free operation. They have a screw, ratchet, or some type of clamp to hold the tissue by itself.
  • Wire retractors are simple types of retractors but usually, the wire has some spring for pinching and releasing.


4.     Suturing or stapling instruments

In order to close a wound or to rejoin a tissue after an operation, surgeons use stapling or suturing instruments. Including needle holders for suturing or sewing up a wound, stapling instruments are an ideal choice for surgeons for rejoining a tissue after a medical procedure is over.




5.     Measuring instruments

One thing that holds profound importance during a medical procedure is the choice of which measuring instrument to use. There is a wide range of measuring devices such as the bone compass. Additionally, doctors may use a ruler in order to measure the size of the scar or a thin caliper for surgery.


The Last Word

Surgical tools are an important part of surgical and medical procedures. While it is true that choosing the right surgical equipment for medical application is tough, it is a critical factor in ensuring a smooth and precise operation.

Just like any other profession, the medical profession also has tools for the careful execution of the task. This is the reason why you need to have a basic knowledge of the surgical instruments used in surgical or medical procedures. Along with having the appropriate knowledge, you should also have an idea of the procedure you are carrying out for your own ease.

In this article, we have covered some basic information to help you choose the best tools for different kinds of medical applications. If you need any kind of medical equipment for different surgical procedures, take a look at ourcatalogue here! In case you need any information, we are just a click away.




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About Article Author

hazel John
hazel John

The author of this article is a prolific researcher and has over 10 years of experience in research on various fields related to business and marketing. The author is most interested in all the latest trends related to web content writing, search engine optimization and digital marketing. For the past 6 months, he has been working as a professional web content strategist at Frugal which provides Wrangler  ElectroSurgical Instruments Pakistan , established in Sialkot is one among Pakistan's best electrosurgical instrument makers approved by (World Health Organization). Give their product at low-cost prices. Wrangler square measure assessed by UNIDO, CBI, etc. to confirm they meet international criteria and are compliant with CSR best practices. 

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