Manufacturing

Jan 15 09:27 2010 James Kahn Print This Article

All you need to know about manufacturing

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Manufacturing is making things for use or sale using machines,Guest Posting tools and labor. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but usually refers to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Sometimes finished goods may be used for manufacturing other, more complex products, such as household devices or automobiles, or sold to wholesalers, who in turn sell them to retailers, who then sell them to end users - the "consumers".

Manufacturing categorized under all types of economic systems. Manufacturing is usually directed toward the mass production of products for sale to consumers at a profit in a free market economy. Manufacturing is more frequently directed by the state to supply a centrally planned economy in a collectivist economy. Manufacturing occurs under some degree of government regulation in free market economies.

All intermediate processes required for the production and integration of a product's components are included in modern manufacturing. Some industries, such as semiconductor and steel manufacturers use the term fabrication instead.

The manufacturing sector is closely connected with engineering and industrial design. Examples of major manufacturers in the United States include General Motors Corporation, Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, Boeing, Gates Corporation and Pfizer. Examples in Europe include Airbus, Daimler, BMW, Fiat, and Michelin Tyre.

History and development

•           Manufacturing was usually carried out by a single skilled artisan with assistants in early ages. Training was by apprenticeship. In much of the pre-industrial world the guild system protected the privileges and trade secrets of urban artisans.

•           Most manufacturing occurred in rural areas before the Industrial Revolution, where household-based manufacturing served as a supplemental subsistence strategy to agriculture (and continues to do so in places). A number of manufacturing households were organized by entrepreneurs into a single enterprise through the putting-out system.

•           The arrangement whereby a first firm with specialized equipment processes raw materials or semi-finished goods for a second firm is called toil manufacturing.

Manufacturing systems: The changing methods of manufacturing

•           Craft or Guild system

•           Putting-out system

•           English system of manufacturing

•           American system of manufacturing

•           Soviet collectivism in manufacturing

•           Mass production

•           Just In Time manufacturing

•           Lean manufacturing

•           Flexible manufacturing

•           Mass customization

•           Agile manufacturing

•           Rapid manufacturing

•           Prefabrication

•           Ownership

•           Fabrication

•           Publication

Economics of manufacturing

Manufacturing is a wealth-producing sector of an economy according to some economists, unlike a service sector tends to be wealth-consuming. Some new growth in advanced manufacturing employment opportunities in the Manufacturing Belt in the United States have been provided by Emerging technologies. Manufacturing provides important material support for national infrastructure and for national defense.

On the other hand, significant social and environmental costs may be involved in most manufacturing. The clean-up costs of hazardous waste, for example, may outweigh the benefits of a product that creates it. Hazardous materials may expose workers to health risks.

 

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James Kahn
James Kahn

James is an expert in writing about legal forms and documents that may help you when your in the search of the right legal document. He writes many articles about forms ranging from, power of attorney forms, landlord tenant forms, and almost any legal form that your searching for.

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