The basic means of business presence in China Foreign Direct Investment( FDI )in China

Jun 14 09:53 2013 Zhi Dong Print This Article

The foreign investments in China are basically divided into direct investment and other means of investment. The direct investment, which is widely adopted, includes Sino-foreign joint ventures, joint exploitation and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises, foreign-funded share-holding companies and joint development.

The foreign investments in China are basically divided into direct investment and other means of investment. The direct investment,Guest Posting which is widely adopted, includes Sino-foreign joint ventures, joint exploitation and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises, foreign-funded share-holding companies and joint development. The other means of investment includes compensation trade and processing and assembling.


1. Sino-foreign joint ventures


Sino-foreign joint ventures are also known as share-holding corporations. They are formed in China with joint capitals by foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals with Chinese companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals. The main feature is that the joint parties invest together, operate together, take risk according to the ratio of their capitals and take responsibility of losses and profits. The capitals from different parties are translated into the ratios of capitals, and in general the capital from foreign party should not be lower than 25%.
The Sino-foreign joint ventures are among the first forms of China's absorption of foreign direct investment and they account for the biggest part. At present they are still a great part in the absorption of foreign investments.


2. Cooperative businesses


Cooperative business is also called contractual cooperation businesses. They are formed in China with joint capitals or terms of cooperation by foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals with Chinese companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals. The rights and obligations of different parties are embedded in the contract. To establish a cooperative business, the foreign party, generally speaking, supplies all or most of the capital while Chinese party supplies land, factory buildings, and useful facilities, and also some supply a certain amount of capital, too.


3. Exclusively foreign-owned enterprises


Exclusively foreign-owned enterprises, which are totally invested by foreign party in China by foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals in accordance with laws of China. According to the law of foreign-funded enterprises, the establishment of foreign enterprises should benefit the development of our national economy and agree with at least one of the following criteria: the enterprises must adopt international advanced technology and facility; all or most of the products must be export-oriented. The foreign funded enterprises often take the form of limited liability.


4.Joint exploitation


Joint exploitation is the abbreviation of maritime and overland oil joint exploitation. It is a widely adopted measure of economic cooperation in the international natural resources field. The striking features are high risk, high investment and high reward. The joint development is often divided into three steps: exploitation, development and production. Compared with the other three means mentioned above, joint cooperation accounts for a small ratio.


5.Foreign-funded share-holding companies

Foreign companies, enterprises, other economic organizations and individuals can form foreign funded share-holding companies in China with Chinese companies, enterprises, and other economic organizations. The total capital of the share-holding company is formed by equal shares shareholders will take due responsibilities for the company according to shares purchased; company will take responsibilities for all its debts through all its assets and the Chinese and foreign shareholders will hold the shares of the company. Among them, the shares purchased and held by foreign investors account for more than 25% of the total registered capital of the company. Limited company can be founded either by means of starting-up or raising, and the limited liability company invested by the foreigners can also apply to turn into share-holding companies. The qualified enterprises can also apply to issue A & B share and list abroad.


6. New types of foreign investment

While expanding areas and opening-up domestic market, China is also exploring and expanding actively its new types of utilizing foreign investment such as BOT, investment company and so on. Since multinational merger and acquisition has become the major type of international direct investment, Chinese government is now researching and enacting related policies so as to facilitate the foreigners to invest in China by means of merger and acquisition.

 As a preeminent PRC China Business Consultant in the field of foreign direct investment (FDI), Tommy China Business Consulting has over the years successfully advised a significant number of foreign clients with their FDI projects in a wide range of industries across China advise clients on Chinese laws and regulations governing foreign direct investment in China; assist clients in feasibility studies of investment projects; assist clients in negotiating joint venture projects and franchising; assist clients in setting up representative offices and wholly-owned enterprises; assist in the preparation of a complete set of investment documents (including joint venture contracts, articles of association, land use right contracts, intellectual property rights, know-how licensing agreements, and transfer agreements); we draft, review and comment on transactional documents, negotiate all terms of these documents on our client’s behalf, and monitor the complete investment or divestment process for our clients in order to safeguard against possible pitfalls. assist and represent clients in communication and coordination with business partners and/or governmental authorities; and advise on equity or share transfers and assignment transactions, mergers and acquisitions and split transactions, liquidations, dissolutions, winding-up, and franchising. The team of lawyer and attorney is organized and managed by Tommy China Business Consulting, with offices in Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, GuangZhou, HangZhou, XiaMen,NanJing,NingBo, Xi'an,ChongQing, Wuhan, Changsha and ChengDu

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About Article Author

Zhi Dong
Zhi Dong

With MBA degree focus on international business,Tom Lee have more than 10 years China Business Consultant experience. Currently, he is consultant who help International SME establishing and expanding business in China. He can provide comprehensive China sourcing services to customers of interested in China sourcing, China Purchasing, China manufacturing, China Legal Service

 

 

email: tomlee@tommyconsulting.com, tomlee_cn@163.com

 

http://www.tommyconsulting.com/

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