Pros and Cons of Hydroponic Systems

Apr 8 14:33 2021 Isabella Whitmore US Print This Article

Many are amazed at hydroponics. It is known to grow plants faster, healthier, and cleaner than traditional planting. But like any other gardening techniques, it also has disadvantages. Knowing the benefits and challenges of hydroponics is important if you’re considering this method in growing crops.

Hydroponics is a gardening technique that does not use soil. Instead,Guest Posting plants are grown in nutrient-rich water. This type of gardening gives growers total control of their crops. Providing precise nutrients, sufficient light energy, and preventing harmful elements that can destroy plants. Hydroponics may not be dependent on nature and here are the reasons why.

Pros of Hydroponic Systems

Hydroponics does not require rainfall or huge irrigation. This method utilizes a small amount of water which circulates in a loop system. The water gets recycled over and over until it gets absorbed by the plants eventually. This saves up to 90% of the water used by conventional farming.

Can grow anywhere. It does not matter if you live in extreme climate area. The fact that hydroponics does not require soil allows growers to plant indoors. This resolved one of the biggest challenges of farmers in growing plants, weather. Snow and heavy storms are disastrous to plants.

Prevents bugs and weeds. Since hydroponics has no soil, there is no room for weeds to grow. Dealing with grass is difficult in gardening as they grow quicker than crops. They have to be pulled or herbicide must be applied regularly. Bugs can easily be prevented when growing plants indoor.

Nutrient application is easy to control. It is important for plants to absorb just enough nutrients to grow healthy. Under or over fertilization can kill them. In hydroponics, precise amount of nutrients can be applied in crops. This is difficult to do in soil-based gardening as it is impossible to determine the exact nutrient content in soil.

Less space. You don’t need hectares of land to farm in hydroponics. For households, a square foot is enough to plant several crops for daily consumption. Hydroponic plants only need enough space to fully spread their leaves. No need to worry about spacing in order for crops to get sufficient water and nutrients as these resources are directly supplied in roots. Hence, there is no competition for nutrients and plants don’t need to grow large root systems unlike when they are in soil.

Cons of Hydroponic Systems

Water borne diseases can spread quickly. Soil-borne diseases may be eliminated but it does not mean that plants are safe from diseases. There are pests and fungi that spreads through water. If one plant is infected, the disease can pass through the entire system within 24 hours. This can be treated by thorough cleaning and can be prevented by ensuring that the system is uncontaminated.

Most hydroponics are dependent on electricity. Water pumps are used in most hydroponic systems for continuous water-nutrient flow to the root system. Because the plants grow in this environment, they can die quickly when the water flow stopped. Power outages can be a problem.

The initial set-up of hydroponics can be expensive especially if you intend to mass produce. You have to invest large pipes and water pumps to make an efficient system. If you plan to grow indoor, HID lights must also be installed as alternative to sunlight. The cost of the initial set-up can be offset by the money you can save from lower water usage, pesticides, and herbicides. Hydroponic systems are durable and can be used for many years. The cost to start a hydroponic garden vary on the type of system you plan to build. There is a wick system which only require a plastic container with holes on the lid to start growing plants hydroponically. No need for pipes and pumps. This can be used to grow crops for household consumption.

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Isabella Whitmore US
Isabella Whitmore US

Isabella Whitmore loves plants and gardening. She has a small hydroponic garden at home in which she grows herbs and vegetables. She works at which helps people find the perfect electric kettles for them.

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