Heritage of Coimbatore City

Mar 26 09:07 2012 Suhaina Mazhar Print This Article

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Coimbatore city is one of the very important metropolitan areas of Tamil Nadu state. Because of high industrial activities it's referred to as the Manchester of South India. It is thought the title originated from the name of the chieftain Koyan who got this specific region below control. The location was reigned over by the Chola,Guest Posting Chera and Pandya kingdoms and later on by the Vijayanagar Empire and Nayaks of Madurai.

The historical evidences display that people lived in Coimbatore city from the time of Sangam period. Although it came below the control of Chera empire, the administration was carried on by the regional chieftains. It had been named Kongu Nadu at that point. The area had business relationship with ancient Rome plus the significant quantities of Roman coins located within this location bear testimony to the same. Western Ganga Kingdom brought this specific region below their command.

While the Irula chief Kovan was ruling this place in 9th century, the town of Coimbatore was built. In 10th century, it had been conquered by Cholas and the rule of Cholas was continued with the rule of Pandya empire, Sultanate of Madurai, Hoysala kingdom, Vijayanagar Empire and Nayaks of Madurai and Thanjavur. While the Nayaks ruled this specific spot, the Palayakarar system was introduced through which the kingdom was divided into 24 Palayams for the ease of administration.

Immediately after the Anglo-Mysore Wars, the town was taken by the British East India Company in 1768. It had been occupied by the Colonel Fullarton in the year 1783. In accordance with the Agreement of Mangalore it had been given back to Tipu Sultan. Coimbatore city was then under the control of Tipu Sultan until the 3rd Mysore War. In October 1791, it was taken by the British East India Company. When the hostilities in between English and Tipu Sultan ended, it was once again given to him. Later on while Tipu Sultan was beaten in the year 1799 and was killed, it was subsequently added in to the British Empire. Polygars held sway for the brief period of time and several Polygar Wars were fought.

In the year 1865, Coimbatore city became the capital of the district of Coimbatore. Robert Stanes was made the first Chairman of the municipality of Coimbatore. The Terrific Famine of the year 1876 plus the Famine of 1891 along with the earthquake of nineteen hundred seriously affected the city very much. In the first half of 20th century, the city saw enormous growth in the textile market. The facilities of Coimbatore city enhanced significantly and also the road routes and rail routes had been developed making easier transportation of products.

In the 2nd decade of the twentieth century a lot more than 15,000 wells had been constructed near Coimbatoreto water the fields. The Central Studios was set up in Coimbatore in 1935 by Rangaswamy Naidu and then Pakshiraja Studios was founded in the year 1945 by S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. The first workshop was begun by Narayana Swamy Naidu in the year 1922. In 1924, G. D. Naidu began his bus service and manufactured the very first electrical motor in India. The machines company Textool was started in the year by D. Balasundaram Naidu. Many mills including Lakshmi Mills Company had been founded around the town. The old Coimbatore photos and Coimbatore videos will display the smoke coming out of the chimneys of these mills.

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Suhaina Mazhar
Suhaina Mazhar

Suhaina Mazhar is a freelance author and blogger and has penned thousands of unique articles. Click the link to uncover fascinating details about Coimbatore and watch Coimbatore photos and Coimbatore videos.

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