Heritage of Trichy

Mar 26 09:07 2012 Suhaina Mazhar Print This Article

Trichy, Trichy photos, Trichy videos

Trichy which is also named Tiruchirappalli is one of the very important metropolitan areas of Tamil Nadu state in India. It is situated within the banks of the Cauvery River. It is one among the places of historic significance because it was reigned over by different kingdoms during various instances which consist of the Pandyas,Guest Posting Cholas, Pallavas, Madurai and Delhi Sultanates, Vijayanagar Kingdom, Nayaks of Madurai and British. Cholas had Uraiyur as their capital city which is one of the suburbs of Trichy. It is said that the Sanskrit name Trishirapuram became Tiruchirapalli which means three headed town. The well-liked opinion of Hindus is the fact that the devil with three heads called Trishira meditated at this specific location towards Lord Shiva to obtain his favor. This town was referred as Tirussilapalli which means holy rock city in one of the inscriptions of the sixteenth century. Chiruttapalli means little town and the name might have originated from that. It was known as Trichinopoly by British. The earlier settlements in Trichy began in 2000 B.C. The remnants of these people lived in Uraiyur from third century B.C. to 3rd century A.D are discovered in the excavations carried out in Trichy. The great historian Ptolemy has mentioned the town in his works as Orthoura. While in the period of Karikala Chola, Kallanai was constructed across the Cauvery River. In 6th century, the place was ruled by the Pallava Dynasty. It was in the course of the period of the Pallava king Mahendravarman I the Rock Fort cave temples had been constructed. Pallavas ruled Trichy for two hundred years and then in eighth century A.D., it arrived below the dominance of the Cholas. They held sway till the starting of 13th century A.D.In 1216, Pandyas grabbed Trichy however within a hundred years they suffered the loss of it to the Delhi Sultanate. Malik Kafur the commander of the Delhi Sultanate defeated them and looted the treasures. From the year 1311 to 1378, it had been reigned over by Delhi Sultanate and Madurai Sultanate. In 1378, it was added with the Vijayanagar Kingdom and it was followed by the control of Nayaks of Madurai. It stayed in their possession till the year 1736 right up until it had been taken over by Chanda Sahib. In the year 1741 Marathas seized the spot and then the Maratha general Murari Rao took care of its administration for a couple of years. In 1743, it was included with the Carnatic Kingdom. When Chanda Sahib ousted the Nawab of Carnatic, Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah in the year 1751 he set up his root at Tiruchirappalli. This approach triggered the Second Carnatic War. British East India Company took sides with Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah while the French East India Company took the side of Chanda Sahib. The English army was successful and Wallajah turned the ruler once again. In the year 1753 Nanjaraja invaded Trichy and in 1780, Hyder Ali of Mysore Empire invaded the spot. Once again Tipu Sultan made his attack in 1793. British found out the secret partnership in between Tipu Sultan and the Carnatic Nawab, Umdat Ul Umra. Therefore, at the time they annexed the Carnatic Kingdom in July 1801, Trichy also came below their influence. The English founded the district of Trichinopoly. Trichy saw large advancements immediately after that both in pre-independence period of time and post-independence period. Rock Fort in Trichy can be a quite popular location and may be seen in the Trichy photos and Trichy videos.

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Suhaina Mazhar
Suhaina Mazhar

Suhaina Mazhar is a freelance content writer and blogger and has penned thousands of original articles. Click here to learn exciting details about Trichy and watch Trichy photos and Trichy videos.

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