History of Indore

Feb 13 10:22 2012 Suhaina Mazhar Print This Article

Indore, Indore photos, Indore videos

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Holkars have a major position within the history of Indore. Indore is positioned in Madhya Pradesh in Central India. In ancient times this needed to deal with repeated hazards from Marathas. The area was ruled by the ancestral Zamindars of Malwa plateau. These people had a lavish life and they also possessed the privileges of carrying out the very first pooja during the celebration of Dussera. They got close relationship with the Mughal kings and the Mughal kings confirmed their Jagir rights.



The founder of Indore city was Rao Nandlal Chaudhary. He was basically the chief Zamindar of the place and he visited the court of Delhi and obtained special gifts that incorporate jewel studded swords. During that time, Raja Sawai Jai Singh retained supremacy over Jaipur. He continued to be a good friend of Rao Nandlal Chaudhary. He offered him Gold Langar for a gift.



Rao Nandlal Chaudhary had a big armed service of 2000 soldiers. He searched for a protected place that he identified close to the Indreshwar temple. He founded the city of Indrapur also named Indreshpur. This later came to be known as Indore. The area eventually arrived below the control of Peshwa. Baji Rao Peshwa dominated the spot in 1733 AD and then he entrusted the work of Subhedar to Malhar Rao Holkar. This started the era of Holkar dynasty in Malwa plateau.



Malhar Rao Holkar was regarded as to be the founder of Holkar Empire. He existed from 1694 to the year 1766 AD. He had the complete control of things of the Malwa Maratha armies below him. He became the governor of Maratha area in 1733. He received revenues from Malwa on behalf of Peshwa. He was in charge of seventy four parganas. He founded the town of Malharganj in the year 1734.



Malhar Rao Holkar's daughter-in-law was Ahilya Bai. She succeeded him while he was killed in 1766. She had great interest in constructing temples and dharmasalas. She ruled over the area from Eleventh December 1768 to Thirteenth August 1795 until her passing away. She married Khanderao Holkar, son of Malhar Rao Holkar. Her man passed away in the battle of Kumbher in 1754 and therefore she was forced to rule the place right after the departure of her father-in-law. Maheshwar continued to be her capital city. Indore was also called after this lady as Ahilyanagari. But only after her death, the capital was changed from Maheshwar to Indore. Thus Indore turned out to be the capital of Malwa Holkars in 1811.



During the Third Anglo Maratha war of 1818, Holkars were conquered and their kingdom passed on to the control of British. The treaty of Mandsaur was agreed upon following the Battle of Mahidpur and in accordance with the treaty Indore turned out to be the capital city of Holkar state.



In the Revolt of 1857, Holkars favored British. They ruled over Indore till the independence of India. After the independence of India, Indore became the summer capital of the Madhya Bharat state. At the time Madhya Bharat turned Madhya Pradesh on First November 1956, Bhopal was made as the capital instead of Indore. Indore photos and Indore videos may speak about the fame of the spot.


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Suhaina Mazhar
Suhaina Mazhar

Suhaina Mazhar is a freelance author and blogger and has written thousands of original articles. Click the link to find out interesting information about Indore and watch Indore photos and Indore videos.

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