Trojan batteries - Hybrid Auto Battery - The Raw Truth

Sep 28 07:21 2012 Yorgi Print This Article


Hybrid vehicles are powered by electric motors apart from gas engines and these motors rely on batteries. Hybrid vehicle batteries are produced in related manner as conventional auto batteries and have related function at the same time.


Hybrid cars are powered by electric motors apart from gas engines and these motors rely on batteries. Hybrid car batteries are generated in related manner as conventional automobile batteries and have similar function too. The only large distinction is that hybrid car batteries are built larger so as to become capable of making the massive amount of power expected. But in comparison to batteries of pure electric cars,Guest Posting hybrid automobile batteries are smaller sized, because hybrid automobiles also use gasoline engines.

To provide for the demands of hybrid cars, their batteries have diverse internal constructions and materials from the conventional ones. Hybrid automobile batteries may possibly came in packs containing quite a few modules, with each module containing rows of cells. In the 2009 Toyota Prius, the 201.6-V battery pack has 28 modules. Every module, frequently encased in stainless steel, contains 6 cells, hence the complete pack has 168 cells. The battery voltage is inverted to alternating existing for the 650-V AC electric motor. When a pack malfunctions, it is likely that a module is defective, and the pack could possibly be rebuilt by replacing the proper module.

In any vehicle, a rechargeable battery powers the starter motor, the lights, the ignition technique from the engine along with the accessories, as well as a 12-V lead-acid battery could present the power required. Inside a hybrid vehicle, a different rechargeable battery is used to run the motor that powers the wheels, which implies that a extra effective, high-voltage battery is expected. Lead-acid batteries are heavy and can't provide the expected power inside a small package. Most vehicle producers, for that reason, for practical purposes, have turned to other forms of rechargeable batteries.

Today, nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) batteries are installed in most hybrid cars - a lot more than two million worldwide. The electrodes made use of in NiMH batteries are hydrogen-absorbing alloy for negative and nickel oxyhydroxide for good. Toyota Prius, Honda Civic Hybrid and Honda Insight, among other individuals, use NiMH batteries.

A different kind of battery will be the lithium ion batteries, which have a lot more power in smaller sized packages. A lithium ion battery consists of an anode, a cathode and electrolyte. The anode is carbon like graphite. The cathode is often a layered oxide of lithium cobalt oxide, or a polyanion like lithium iron phosphate or a spinel including lithium manganese oxide. Electrolyte is actually a non-aqueous organic carbonates containing complexes of lithium ions.

Honda hybrids are moving to make use of lithium batteries. Toyota, though it really is acquiring interests in extraction of lithium, is sticking to its use of NiMH (which charges about $4,000 to replace) in lieu of lithium, which have larger price. But it is predicted that lithium may be the key to producing hybrids more affordable within the future.

Hybrid vehicles burn less fuel, thus lowering pollution, but their improperly-disposed batteries have toxicity effects on the environment, which would just trade 1 dilemma for yet another.

All sorts of batteries have their environmental dangers. With regards to the supplies batteries are mainly created of, lead is definitely the most dangerous, even though lithium would be the least. Nickel is at the middle. But if cobalt is utilized in lithium batteries, then it will be an issue.

Recycling technologies play an essential function in these materials' environmental impacts. Lead features a mature recycling technology, but a large number of metric tons of lead end up in landfills each and every year. Nickel full recycling is still a challenge, and nickel is considered a probable carcinogen.

At present, a couple of million hybrid vehicles represent just a fraction on the 700 million cars in operation worldwide. But as production and use of hybrids increase, the environmental impact of their batteries will proportionately be problematic and need to be addressed to as early as you can.

Source: Free Guest Posting Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

About Article Author

Yorgi
Yorgi

Check Trojan batteries site for more information

View More Articles