Female Infertility-An Overview

Jan 26


Hakeem A.U. Hashmi

Hakeem A.U. Hashmi

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To understand female infertility, first we have to understand what is infertility?

In humans, infertility is an inability to become pregnant after one year or more years of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility may be in both men and women but in general, it is considered a problem to be associated with women. However, our society also believes that women up to some extent are responsible for not having children.


Female Infertility can be defined as an incompetence to get pregnant. Problem of not getting pregnant for a woman even after one year of unprotected sexual intercourse may indicate that a woman may have infertility. There are some common signs of infertility in women such as.

  • When she is unable to conceive.
  • When she has either too long or too short menstrual cycle.
  • When she has irregular periods,Female Infertility-An Overview Articles painful periods and absence of periods or no periods means ovulation is not happening in the uterus.
  • When she deals with pain during sex which is not normal. It could be related to hormone issues and could be contributing to infertility.

According to a study, both processes (getting pregnant and carrying pregnancy up to 9 months, are complicated and many things can go inaccurate during these processes which can lead to infertility. Following incorporates the causes of infertility in females.

  1. Ovulation Failure: The common cause of female infertility is failure of ovulation. Women are struggling with infertility because of ovulation disorder. In this, eggs don’t come out of ovaries and making it unfeasible for couples to conceive.
  2. Endocrine Disorder: In this case, the glands of body produce hormones in imbalance manner than normal and it can lead to infertility.
  3. Blockage of Tubes: This is one of the most possible causes of female infertility. Fallopian tubes have a major role in conception as there is an implantation of eggs and sperms. But this process of fertilization is stopped by the tubal blockage.
  4. Endometriosis: It happens when the cells are found outside the uterus. Endometrial tissues grow outside the uterus which leads to hurdle in conception and damage to the pelvic organs.
  5. Age: It is said that age is just a number only can be count but in this case it matters. On an average, women’s fertility is high at the age of 20 years and after 35 years, it starts decreasing with the quality and quantity of eggs.
  6. Stress, Hormonal imbalance & Lifestyle: Stress affects hormones to a great extent and hormonal imbalance affects lifestyle indirectly. An unhealthy lifestyle affects a woman’s menstrual cycle which leads to infertility.    
  7. Other disorders: Woman’s fertility is also affected due to many other disorders such as autoimmune disorder, uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, abnormal uterine shape, polyps and infection.

Females who are unable to conceive naturally, may want to seek for treatment. There are some best possible treatments exist for female sterility, can be used to conceive. It should be kept in mind that the treatment of sterility depends on its seriousness and time span. The problem of infertility in women is to be diagnosed first to control various obstacles such as immunological problems, hormonal imbalances and endocrinological disorders. It is advised to consult with a doctor for your concern and he may prescribe you certain oral medication or special drugs. Besides this, listed below are some suggestions through which pregnancy can be done.

IVF: It is a technique of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and also called as In-vitro fertilization. In this procedure, the egg (from woman’s ovary) and man’s sperm are fertilized in the lab and transferred in the woman’s uterus after formation of the embryo. IVF is also done with the donor egg and is recommended only in those cases where woman’s egg quality is not good. In this case, egg is attained from a female donor’s ovary and is fertilized with the sperm of woman’s husband. After formation of the embryo it is transferred in the woman’s uterus.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): A process of sperm transferring into woman’s uterus at the time of ovulation is known as intrauterine insemination. It increases the possibility of sperm getting fertilize with the egg.

In my opinion, treatment of female infertility is a matter of fact and a necessity for those women who have a desire to become a mother and want to start a new life with their own family.

Article Source: https://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/women-health-articles/female-infertility-overview-1799504.html


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