How is rectal cancer treated according to stage?

May 12 18:44 2021 Dr. amit Print This Article

The colon is at the end of our digestive system, with the rectum at the end. The rectum stores the stool prepared by our body for expulsion before it is taken out. Cancer that occurs in it is called rectal cancer. However, being part of the colon, it is also called colon cancer, colorectal cancer, and bowel cancer. Treatment of rectal cancer is also similar to the treatment of colon cancer, but since it is also at its end, there may 

The colon is at the end of our digestive system,Guest Posting with the rectum at the end. The rectum stores the stool prepared by our body for expulsion before it is taken out. Cancer that occurs in it is called rectal cancer. However, being part of the colon, it is also called colon cancer, colorectal cancer, and bowel cancer. Treatment of rectal cancer is also similar to the treatment of colon cancer, but since it is also at its end, there may be a slight difference in the treatment of rectal cancer. Treatment of rectal cancer depends on its stage, in this article you will learn how to treat rectal cancer according to the stage.

 

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Treating Rectal Cancer: First Know How It Happens?

 

 

 

Rectal cancer can occur at any age, although it mostly affects the elderly. In this acute problem, small, non-cancerous (benign) tumors usually occur inside the colon or rectum. Over time, these noncancerous tumors turn into cancerous tumors and become the problem of rectal cancer. Gradually these tumors start spreading in your colon or rectum, which determines the stage of your cancer.

 

 

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Why are tumors formed?

Along with the problem of rectal cancer, they also understand why a tumor is formed. Actually, in every part of our body, the process of producing new cells i.e. cells and destruction of old cells go on naturally. However, when the DNA responsible for this process encounters a problem due to any reason, this process is interrupted and new cells start developing at a very fast rate, and old cells are not destroyed, causing inflammation at that place earlier. And then later the tumor develops.

 

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Treatment of rectal cancer: what are the problems or symptoms caused by it?

 

 

Due to rectal cancer, many physical problems can appear in your body as its symptoms. like-

 

  • Changes in bowel movements
  • Bleeding with feces
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bowel movement interrupted
  • Obstruction in bowel movement
  • Constipation or stomach ache
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Stomach gas problem, etc.

 

 

 

Treating Rectal Cancer: How Do Doctors Diagnose It?

 

 

To treat rectal cancer, the doctor first undergoes some tests to determine its stage or severity.

 

  • Physical Examination and History
  • Colonoscopy
  • Digital rectal exam (DRE)
  • Biospy
  • Endorectal ultrasound
  • PET scan
  • MRI
  • CT scan
  • X-ray

 

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Treatment for rectal cancer: what is the stage of rectal cancer?

 

 

There are three parts of the colon or rectum in our body. The first is the mucosa, the second and middle part is the muscularis propria and the last and outer part is the mesorectum. The mucosa is the inner part of the rectal wall, in which the glands present form the mucus, which helps the stool to come out from the rest. The muscularis propria is then the central part of the rectal wall, which contains the muscles needed for the rectum to be shaped and contracted. The mesorectum is then the outer part of the rectal wall, which is a fatty layer to provide protection to it. These three layers are accompanied by the lymph nodes present around the rectum, which is part of the immune system, but protects the rectum or any organ of the body from dangerous substances such as viruses or bacteria.

 

Stage 0 - Treatment of rectal cancer depends on its stage. In stage 0 of this critical disease, some abnormal cells begin to appear in the mucosa, the inner part of the rectum wall.

 

Stage 1 - In stage 1, the cancerous cells begin to spread to the inner and middle parts of the rectum wall. However, the outer part of the rectum and lymph nodes remain unaffected by this at present.

 

Stage 2 - In stage 2 of rectal cancer, the tumor or cancer cells fall outside the rectum wall ie the mesorectum, but the lymph nodes are still unaffected. This stage is divided into two parts 2A and 2B.

 

Stage 3 - In this stage of cancer, the cancerous tumor spreads to the rectum as well as the lymph nodes and this stage is divided into 3A, 3B and 3C depending on the area affected.

 

Stage 4 - In stage 4 of rectal cancer, the cancerous tumor spreads beyond the rectal or colon area and spreads to other parts of the body. This stage is the most serious and dangerous stage of cancer.

 

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How is rectal cancer treated according to the stage?

 

 

Rectal cancer is treated according to its stage, let us know about it in detail.

 

 

 

Treatment of rectal cancer according to stage 0

In the treatment of this stage, the doctor removes the cancerous cells that have started developing in the inner part of the rectum or only a small part of this organ. For which he uses external radiation therapy or internal radiation therapy.

 

Treatment of rectal cancer according to stage 1

In this stage, the cancer has spread to the inner part of the rectum and enters the central part. If you are old or have a small tumor size, only radiation therapy can be used to treat it. However, surgery is most affected for this stage. According to Stage 1, chemotherapy may also be taken along with surgery to treat rectal cancer.

 

Treatment of rectal cancer according to stage 2

In this stage, the cancer spreads to all parts of the rectum and also starts affecting surrounding organs such as the bladder, uterus and prostate gland. In this stage, radiation therapy is done with chemotherapy to all organs affected by cancer and before or after surgery.

 

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Treatment of rectal cancer according to stage 3

Since in this stage the tumor also spreads to the lymph nodes and in its treatment radiation removal is done with tumor removal surgery, after surgery or before chemotherapy.

 

Treatment of rectal cancer according to stage 4

Stage 4 is very dangerous and difficult to treat rectal cancer. Because, in this stage, cancer has affected the rectum as well as other organs such as the liver or lung. The main treatment of this stage is chemotherapy. However, the doctor may also perform tumor surgery with it. In this stage surgery is done to prevent or reduce rectal bleeding, which cannot be done with the help of any other option. However, surgery cannot claim its treatment but increases the likelihood.

 

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Dr. amit

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