The Enjoyment of Yunnan Tea ----The hometown of Chinese black tea and Pu’er tea

May 14 12:49 2012 Angel Chen Print This Article

China is the home town of tea and has been a long tradition of tea tree planting and then production of tea.

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The Enjoyment of Yunnan Tea

      ----The hometown of Chinese black tea and Pu’er tea

Tea-producing area in the Southwest of China

China is without a doubt the home town of tea, and because of that there has been a long tradition of tea tree planting and then production of tea.  There are a total of four distinct producing areas of tea which can be divided into climates and tea drinking traditions which are based on socio-economic parts. Those areas include the North and South of the Yellow River (Yangtse), the South and Southwest of china.

The oldest producing area of the four is the Southwest producing area.  The Southwest includes Chongqing, Sichuan, The North of Yunnan, and the Southwest of Tibet.

The Most Famous Tea-Producing Area In China, Yunnan

If you know about tea producing areas in China then you already know that Yunnan is the most famous of them all. Yunnan is where the exquisite Pu-erh tea comes from as well as some other teas such as Green and Yunnan black. Yunnan is located in the Southwest tea producing area of China, and it borders Tibet, Guangxi, Guizhou and Sichuan.

The location of Yunnan also has an influence on the tea that is made there. The climate can be that of very warm winters and very cool summers in some areas. Mostly the climate can be called spring-like all year round which is optimal for the tea trees.

Yunnan has a very appropriate nickname as it is called “the land of tea”, and the people who live there are the descendants of the tea farmers of generations past. The earliest nationality that planted and drank tea was the Puren and they are common ancestor of the Lagu, Deang and Bulang.

There is a love to be felt for the tea in the Yunnan area that goes beyong growing and drinking the tea. The tea that is grown in the area has many uses including as gifts, fetching the bride and of course entertaining guests.

The Uniqueness of The Five Tea Producing Areas Of Yunnan

The Yunnan region is divided into a total of five different areas that produce tea, those areas are: The South of Dian, the West of Dian, the Center of Dian, the Northwest and the Northeast of Dian.

Yunnan And Its Distribution Of Areas

The West of Dian tea-producing area

 

As stated before China is the cradle of teas, and within China Lancang valley is the place to be if you want the best tea trees. The area includes Baoshan, Dali, Simao, Xishuangbanna and Lincang. Lingang is the main tea producing place in the area of the West of Dian; so much so that Lincang is known as the “Historical Museum of Tea Resources. You cannot mention tea and Lincang without mentioning that the area was the first place where you could find Menku tea leaves. Other large leaved teas that you will find in the area include the Fengqing.

Other Important tea-producing cities: Baoshan, Dehong, Lincang

You may also hear about the 100 degrees of tea line and that is because the Lancangriver crosses the 100 longitude line east as it makes its way through Dali. Along the banks of the river there are many tea producing cities including Xueshan, Mengku, Fengqing, Lancang, Bada and others. That is why the tea that comes from the area is often known as 100 degrees tea, and not due to temperature as some may think.

What Famous Teas Are In The West Of Wunnan?

Fengquing is located south of the Dianxi longitudinal valley and its fame comes from the black tea that it produces in Lincang. Fengquing was one of the first places to produce tea in the world and it has a group of mountains separated by rivers. There is a long history in the city of Fengquing of producing, planting and of course drinking the tea. The Dian Hong black tea was first produced in the city in 1958 and now has gained a national reputation.

The Tea Producing Area South Of Dian

The climate in Dian is perfect for tea tree growing. The terrain slopes gently and it is surrounded by the Lancang river, the Yuan river and the Jinscha river. All these conditions create a tea that is gentle and very fresh in taste. In the east of the area, you will find large groups of tea trees which are old in age in a total of 667 hectares which includes six major mountains (Yibang, Gedeng, Youle, Mansa, Manzhuan and Mangzhi).

Simao, Honghe, XishuangbannaAndWenshan

The area towards the lower and middle reaches of the Lancangriver are in low latitude and their terrain slopes gently. The climate is influenced by sub-tropical and tropical winds and there is a lot of sunshine. The humidity is usually above eighty-five percent and there is enough rainfall to qualify it as a moist environment. The soil is rated first class due to its content of organic matters, which is above three percent.

Xishuangbanna

Xishuangbanna is considered one of the cradle lands of tea in China and it is one of the places where the Yunnan Pu’ert is produced. There is a total of six mountains that are considered major for purity production.

Xishuangbanna is located in the south tropic and the north tropic. The average rainfall is a total of 120 centimeters each year and the average temperature throughout the year is 18 degrees celcius. The winter is warm while the summer is cool and that provides a great environment for Pu’ert tea growth.

In the same area as Xishuangbanna you will also find Menghai which can produce more than just pure tea. Teas like Yunhai Pekoe which is a green tea and Nannuo Pekoe. Menghai has a sub-tropical monsoon climate which leads to many foggy days and not much of a difference in the temperature. To produce Yunhai Pekoe you need weather that is misty all year round and that is what Menghai provides. Yunhai Pekoe can be described as having a sharp needle and a tight curl cord along with a smooth and soft color. The taste of the tea is mellow and it looks clear, while the tea leaf must look tender and fresh.

The Tea Producing Area In The Center Of Dian

Huafo tea is originally produced in Chuxiong and Mouding. Huafo tea has not been around for a long time but it is already a famous tea. The source of the Huafo tea leaf is the large leaved Menghai in Lincang. The color is a sleek blackish green, it has sharp needles and is tight in shape. The beverage has a long lasting aroma and its color is dark green.

CangshanXuelu

Dali can be found to the center west of Yunnan. The CangshanXuelu tea is made at the bottom of the Cangshanmountain. It is also produced although to a lesser extent in the shores of Erhailake. It was first produced in the Xiagun tea factory as early as 1962 and has been popular in the market since then.

The Northeast And The Northwest Of The Tea Producing Area Of Dian

The tea producing area is spread out and uncommon. The transportation in the area’s roads is difficult and inconvenient. There is a lot of sunshine during the day and a great deal of compound material is produced by photosynthesis. The temperature at night is much lower which means that the photosynthetic material is reduced. That allows for nutrients to be well kept. The difference in temperatures between night and day allows for a better production of tea leaves so the amount of Taidi tea tree is the same as you would find in other areas.

The northeast of Dian tea-producing area: Qujing

The northwest of Dian tea-producing area: Lijiang, Nujiang, Diqing

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About Article Author

Angel Chen
Angel Chen

I am Angel Chen, a tea lover and tea specialist comes from Fujian, China - the hometown of tea.  Tea is nature's benediction as well as implicating culture and philosophy.  I have a dream to bring the most authentic Chinese teas, and black tea information  to all the tea enthusiasts.

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